Category Archives: Politricks

Catch and Release Criminals

In the report, two cases were presented that, for drug dealing, were stopped six times in a year.

As far as the municipal administration was concerned, 70,722 people were arrested, of which only 1,337 – a 2 percent – were placed at the disposal of the Public Ministry for the alleged commission of a crime.

The thousand 437 arrested and presented before the Public Ministry of Common or Federal Jurisdiction was for the crimes of: possession of drugs, 477; possession of stolen vehicle, 320; theft to commerce, 78; home robbery, 69;damage to property of others, 65; break-in, 62 and other criminal acts, 322.

The rest, 69,285 people were only arrested for infractions such as: aggressive people, of suspicious behavior, drunk, drug addicts or other administrative faults.

Also according to figures released by the Municipal Public Security Bureau, the rates of recidivism of those detained for a crime are very high, as only 195 detainees committed 669 criminal acts. That is, an average of those 195 of 3.4 crimes for each one.

The report presented two cases – Luis Alberto “N” and Ricardo “N” – who were arrested six times in a year for activities such as drug dealing, crimes against health and possession of drugs.

Another case was that of Marco “N” who was arrested three times in less than two months – March and April 2018 – for drug dealing.

This individual was arrested on March 27 of this year by narcomenudist and on April 1, he was again captured and charged for the same crime.

The presentation of this report was made by Mayor Marco Novelo Osuna and Jorge Íñiguez Díaz, Director of Municipal Public Safety before members of the Board of Directors of the Chamber of Commerce, Services and Tourism of Ensenada.


Mexican Crime Strategy Fail

The Mexican government seems to have a unique strategy to fight organized crime: cutting off the heads of the main capos, which has not only has failed, but has left a country of death.

This is stated in the report ” Drug Violence in Mexico, ” conducted by Justice in Mexico , which explores the roots and consequences of 2017, the year with the highest number of intentional homicides committed in Mexico and which placed Tijuana as the city with the most murders in the country.

Justice in Mexico is a research program hosted at the University of San Diego, focused on designing strategies to improve citizen security, strengthen the rule of law and protect human rights in Mexico.

In this installment, Laura Calderón, Octavio Rodríguez Ferreira and David Shirk explain how the empowerment of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG), the fragmentation and weakening of the Sinaloa Cartel unleashed the worst wave of homicides seen in the country.

They also analyze the circumstances of the violence focused on drug trafficking corridors, the scenario facing the presidential elections of 2018 and a possible change in bi national cooperation in matters of public security between Mexico and the United States.

In an interview with ZETA , David Shirk, director of Justice in Mexico and one of the authors of the report, explains: “If they want to stop or face organized crime, you have to cut the whole body of the monster, not just the head.”


From the outset, the researchers address how in the first five years of Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration (2012-2017) an average of 23 thousand 293 homicides per year have been recorded, or 64 murders per day, which represents an increase of 20 percent with respect to the six-year term of Felipe Calderón.

Specifically, 2017 closed with 27,734 people murdered, 19% more than in 2016, and the State that registered the highest increase in homicides was Baja California, the study indicates. When talking about municipalities, more homicides occurred in Tijuana than in any other city in Mexico.

However, when studying not the figure by itself, but in relation to the percentage, the study reveals that the entities with the greatest increase are Nayarit, with 554% more homicides, and Baja California Sur with 192%.

“The deterioration of security conditions in the last three years has been an important setback for President Enrique Peña Nieto, who promised to reduce violence. In addition, Peña Nieto’s low levels of approval during his first five years as President are due, in part, to the perception of handling cases of crime, violence and corruption, “the report said.

The research also compares this violence to other countries in Latin America, and while there are nations with the highest number of homicides, Mexico exceeds the total number of homicides in Belize, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Jamaica.

In addition, the number of homicides in Mexico exceeds that of the United States, a country with almost three times the population. The comparisons are a sample of how Mexico concentrates a large part of the violence, since one in every eight homicides in the Western Hemisphere was committed in this country.

Registries of Justice in Mexico also indicate that, in 2017, 75% of homicide victims are men, while the average age of the victims is 33 years.

According to the study, between a third and a half of these homicides are attributed to drug trafficking cartels and other organized crime groups, since they have characteristics such as executions, multiple victims and attackers, the use of high-caliber weapons, messages left by the perpetrators, dismemberment, beheading, clandestine graves, among others.

On the other hand, the researchers point out: “There is a concern that, given the high levels of crime in Mexico, candidates will feel pressured to take a stand on these issues and may be targets of violence” with respect to this year’s elections.


In the most violent year in Mexico, one in every 20 homicides in Mexico occurred in Tijuana, concludes the report ” The Resurgence of Criminal Violence in Tijuana ” by the authors Jaime Arredondo Sanchez Lira, Zulia Orozco, Octavio Rodríguez Ferreira and David Shirk

This report is taken up in the national investigation of violence to explain how Tijuana returned to be the city with the highest number of homicides in the country, a place it had in 2007.

In 2017, records from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System indicated that in this city, 1,780 people were murdered, that is, an increase of 86% in just one year.

When the researchers paid attention to the geographical areas where there were more homicides, they located several clusters of violence: East Zone (which includes the La Presa, La Presa Este and Otay delegations), as well as Sánchez Taboada and Centro.

Only 20% of the homicides were concentrated in 850 colonias, the main ones being Camino Verde with 75, Zona Norte with 49 and Centro with 32.

According to the researchers, the social consequences of this violence “has affected young and poor men in areas of middle and lower class, who are the main perpetrators and targets of these murders and who are often the product of what sociologists and criminologists they call ‘social disorganization’, due to the presence of family violence, substance abuse, lack of educational opportunities, among others. ”

Therefore, as part of their recommendations, they suggest a program that addresses social and economic marginalization through development programs, implementing community policies in the most violent areas of the city, and even other measures such as improving public transportation and accessibility. to the colonies, in addition to the recovery and creation of public spaces.


At the national level, investigators identified two main targets of drug trafficking: journalists, three times more likely to be killed than other occupations in society in general, and mayors, 12 times more likely to be victims of murder.

The study details that from 2005 to 2017, 152 municipal presidents, either as candidates, in functions or even former mayors, have been murdered in the country. In geographical terms, the mayors riddled with bullets are on the other extreme than executions for organized crime.

While homicides have been concentrated in two main narco-trafficking corridors: the northern border, composed of Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas; as well as in the Pacific: Sinaloa, Nayarit, Michoacán and Guerrero. The largest number of murdered politicians is concentrated in southern states such as Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas and Michoacán.

Of the 21 homicides of mayors registered in 2017 (nine were in office), eight belonged to the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), twenty were killed by gunshots and one of their throats cut.


The study also retakes the empowerment of the Jalisco Nueva Generación Cartel (CJNG) as one of the premises to explain the resurgence of violence in Mexico. Researchers had already warned of this from 2016 and 2017, when it became more evident the strengthening of this organization led by Ruben Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes, better known as “El Mencho”.

The CJNG “has taken advantage of the power gaps resulting from the breakdown of structures of organized crime leaders,” specifically the blows to La Familia Michoacana, Los Caballeros Templarios, Los Zetas and the Sinaloa Cartel, which have created opportunities for the CJNG to expand and grow.

These proposals are taken from the publication ” The New Generation: The Threat of Emerging Organized Crime in Mexico”, a report signed by Lucy de la Rosa and David Shirk, which warns that the CJNG has reached a level of power equal to or greater than that of the Sinaloa Cartel.

With a presence in 21 states of the country, including Mexico City, the CJNG has been able to strengthen the capture and re-apprehension of the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, a direct consequence of the strategy of arresting capos, ” what has contributed to the fragmentation, transformation and diversification of organized crime groups in Mexico and the entry to areas such as the trafficking of heroin, methamphetamines and other synthetic drugs. ”

In the same way, the researchers ponder Jalisco’s strategies, such as the alliances they form with local groups. One of the examples was his approach with the Arellano Felix Cartel in Tijuana to use this point of transfer and fight the cells of Sinaloa.


The study insists that the strategy of capturing only drug lords is counterproductive, not only because it does not dismantle the attacked organization, but because it allows the proliferation of cells that manage to separate from the cartel and become rivals.

Therefore, instead of continuing with this strategy, the experts recommend strengthening the capacity of the public security and justice corporations to conduct long-term and wide-ranging investigations that allow for more effective criminal proceedings, including the imputation of corrupt politicians and entrepreneurs linked to money laundering.

At the same time, that the government contributes with greater educational and labor opportunities for those who are at the bottom of the economic spectrum, which often leads them to get involved in violent criminal activities, especially in men.

In addition to this, the researchers insist that the government develop better monitoring of violence related to organized crime, improve judicial processes, work on special measures to address political violence and reinvigorate anti-corruption efforts, in addition to addressing the drug problem as a public health issue, among other recommendations.

“There is evidence that the crisis of violence that Mexico has gone through has had a cost in growth, investments, in reducing the viability of the market and compromises the security and integrity of officials, threatens journalism and freedom of expression, while reducing trust in institutions, which results in and undermines democratic governance in Mexico, “the study concludes.

“The strategy of hitting the bosses has had very negative effects, not contemplated. We need to stop not only the capo of an organization, but have all the evidence and research and all the necessary capacity to search for various elements at all levels of the organization, if not, the capo goes and the new one goes up; or worse, it fragments and they fight between themselves, “David Shirk, director of Justice in Mexico , warns in an interview .

The expert in public security points out that before the election of July 1, in which more than 3 thousand public offices will be elected, “if we see changes at the federal, state and local levels, those changes will definitely break some ties and agreements established with organized crime and may give rise to more problems of violence. ”

Finally, he thinks about the relationship between Mexico and the United States to fight organized crime: “I am worried that in the coming years, if things continue as they did in the last year, we will see less coordination and more difficulty for the two countries. They need to work together. “

$5USD/Gallon Gasoline?


To reduce the price of fuel in Mexico and to be competitive, it is necessary to reduce the Special Tax on Production and Services (IEPS), a tax that makes gasoline more expensive than in the United States. , said Mario Morales, fiscal vice president of the Mexican Institute of Public Accountants.

Morales explained that with the recent increase in international oil prices and the liberalization of fuels in Mexico, both the price of gasoline and the fiscal stimulus to the IEPS for fuels tend to increase. This subsidy or stimulus is necessary because the gasoline tax is very expensive and that raises the price of fuel, “said Mario Morales. The IEPS should go down to be competitive with the price of gasoline in the United States, it has the same components: molecule, transportation prices, storage and marketing, it is exactly the same, they should be more or less on par ” .

He recalled that the Tax Administration Service has promoted the elimination of this stimulus or subsidy, but that would take gasoline up to 24 pesos per liter. On the other hand, José Besil, president of IMCP, pointed out that a reduction in the IEPS to gasoline, although it is necessary, also requires an in-depth analysis- Other fiscal measures that compensate for a lower income derived from the Tax would have to be carried out.

Special on Production and Services to fuels. Decreasing it leads to having a fiscal gap that must be covered from another side. You would have the theory of the blanket: you cover your face, but you lose your feet “. He also said that this analysis should not only consider the tax burden, but everything that involves the Energy Reform and competition issues, as well as the impacts on public finances and the pockets of Mexicans.

Dollar at 20 Pesos


Numerous factors of the international economy combine this morning to put pressure on the peso and bring its parity against the dollar to 20.03 pesos at the bank teller window.

While waiting for the decision announced by the United States on the situation of the nuclear agreement with Iran, the markets do not lose sight of the fact that the renegotiations of the North American Free Trade Agreement are again being checked by the issue of wages, while the ghost of a rise in interest rates by the Federal Reserve is gaining strength as the US economy shows signs of greater strength.

The Center for Economic Studies of Baja California ruled out that the issue of the election in Mexico is intervening in the minds of investors, who are more attentive to the international scenario, where oil prices could suffer a stronger shot if the American Union breaks your agreement with Iran.

In the case of NAFTA, the US Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, said that, although it is close to reaching a preliminary agreement in the negotiations, the signing could take a few months to complete, although there are many analysts who believe that the United States The United States prefers to continue the renegotiation with the new government of Mexico in order to achieve a more firm closure of negotiations, since the government of Enrique Peña Nieto will practically cease to have weight in the decisions in less than two months.

Dollar Strengthens v Peso


Amid comments on the negotiation of the Free Trade Agreement (FTA), and a restrictive bias of the Federal Reserve, the dollar closed at 19.35 pesos per unit, the highest level since January 11 this year when it reached 19.50 pesos per currency.

At the Citibanamex windows, the price of the dollar against the peso advanced 35 cents compared to the previous day.

In wholesale operations, the exchange rate cost 19.45 cents and was sold at 18.9485, its highest price since 19.0050 pesos on January 12, 2018.

The Mexican currency was pressured by statements about the FTA expressed on Tuesday by the US trade representative, Robert Lighthizer, in the sense that if an agreement is not reached in the negotiation of the FTA in one or two weeks, it would go into a delicate terrain in its approval process in the current Congress of your country.

For Gabriela Siller, director of Economic-Financial Analysis of Banco Base, the increase in the exchange rate resulted from a greater speculation against the peso due to the uncertainty related to the process of renegotiation of the FTA.

The value of family remittances that entered the country last March was 2 thousand 621 million dollars.

This means 3.96 percent above that observed in the same month of 2017, with which its accumulated amount reached an unprecedented level, show data from the Bank of Mexico (Banxico).

So in the first three months of the current year, remittance flows reached 7 thousand 36 million dollars, a record amount for a similar period.

The low levels of unemployment and the growth prospects of the United States have allowed the growth of remittances to continue, explained David Cervantes and Juan José Li Ng analysts at BBVA Research.

Border Asylum Seekers

Drug Tunnel of the Month


They secured three subjects with guns and drugs.

As a result of research and intelligence work by the State Preventive Police (PEP) in coordination with the Federal Police and the National Defense Secretariat (SEDENA), the location of an alleged tunnel in the Santa Clara neighborhood was achieved for the transfer of drugs to the United States, as well as the insurance of three subjects.

According to the police report, the elements had reports that in the Aguascalientes alley, at the address marked with number 2261 of the Santa Clara neighborhood, suspicious activity was recorded, so they moved to conduct several surveillance tours, where moments later They located a couple of subjects outside a home and they were uploading various suspicious packages to a cargo vehicle (dompe type).

Immediately the elements descended from the unit and intervened to the individuals who identified themselves as Jorge Luis “N”, 32 years old, Enedino “N”, 39 years old and José Antonio “N”, 23 years old who were made a body review without finding anything illegal.

After conducting an inspection inside the cargo vehicle agents found a pair of plastic boxes which contained various wrappings with a granulated white substance apparently of the synthetic drug known as “ice” which threw a weight approximately 460 grams.

According to the detainees, the address was used for the transportation of drugs to the United States.

The officers of the PEP notified the facts to the corresponding authority and for security they established a custody operation in the area.

The possible presence of material and the tunnel inside the shelter is presumed, so that until now the Judge is awaiting the release of the search warrant.

Asylum Seekers in Tijuana

kpbs.orgasylum s

About 170 migrants in a caravan of Central American asylum-seekers have arrived in Tijuana, joining about nearly 200 others on their final stop before entering the United States.

Three tourist buses were guarded by a Mexican police escort on a curvy, mountainous road from the Mexican border city of Mexicali.

Lawyers planned free workshops on the U.S. immigration system on Friday and Saturday in Tijuana. Many planned to seek asylum starting Sunday at San Diego’s San Ysidro border crossing, the nation’s busiest.

Migrant shelters in Tijuana’s Zona Norte neighborhood, home to the many of the city’s seedy bars and bordellos, were full. That forced organizers to look elsewhere for temporary housing, said Leonard Olsen of Pueblos Sin Fronteras, a group leading the effort.

Migrants who stayed overnight at a shelter in Mexicali were tired from the long journey and nervous about the possibility of being detained in the U.S. but also knowledgeable about their rights to seek protection from persecution in their home countries, Olsen said. Many Central American asylum seekers say they face death threats by criminal gangs in their homelands.

“This is a moment that will change their lives,” Olsen said in Mexicali, as he waited for the buses to arrive a few hours behind schedule.

Caravans have been a fairly common tactic for advocacy groups to bring attention to asylum-seekers and the latest group pales in size compared to previous border surges, but it gained huge visibility after President Donald Trump unleashed strong criticism from the moment it began March 25 in the Mexican city of Tapachula, near the Guatemala border.

Asylum-seekers rest in tents in Tijuana, April 24, 2018.


Asylum-seekers rest in tents in Tijuana, April 24, 2018.

The caravan drew as many as 1,000 people as it crossed Mexico as Trump and top aides portrayed them as a significant threat and evidence of a dysfunctional border.

Trump cited the caravan as justification for the border wall he wants to build on Thursday, even though the asylum-seekers plan to turn themselves in to border inspectors and are legally entitled to seek protection. He said he ordered the Homeland Security Department to “stop the caravan” but that more needs to be done.

“We need a strong, impenetrable WALL that will end this problem once and for all,” he wrote to campaign supporters.

Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen said late Wednesday that any person trying to cross into the U.S. who makes false claims to immigration authorities will subject to criminal prosecution. She said prosecution was also possible for any people who might assist or coach immigrants to make false claims in bids to enter the U.S.

Nielsen’s threat is consistent with the administration’s narrative of widespread asylum fraud and claims that asylum-seekers are coached on what to tell U.S. authorities. The secretary also said asylum seekers in the caravan should seek protection in the first safe country they reach, including Mexico.

The U.S. government is marshaling resources to ensure that cases are promptly decided, Nielsen said. U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has said he may assign additional immigration judges to handle cases involving members of the caravan.

As Sunday’s showdown at the busy Tijuana-San Diego border crossing neared, Amnesty International hoisted a billboard promoting the right to asylum in the U.S. on a truck in Tijuana that drove around the city.

Asylum-seekers rest in tents in Tijuana, April 24, 2018.


Asylum-seekers rest in tents in Tijuana, April 24, 2018.

Four locations in Tijuana were being set up for lawyers to tell the migrants what they should expect when they turn themselves in to U.S. custody for questioning by immigration officers.

It is unclear how many people will eventually petition for asylum. Jose Maria Garcia Lara, president of the Juventud 2000 shelter in Tijuana, said about 35 percent of more than 100 people on a Central American caravan last November decided to stay in Tijuana.

The Juventud 2000 shelter, on the edge of Tijuana’s red-light district, was filled with colorful dome-shaped tents and was housing more than 150 people on Thursday.

Guatemalan Ignacio Villatoro, 41, said Trump’s rhetoric about the caravan saddened him because he felt it might lessen chances of getting asylum for himself, his wife and four children. He still plans to attempt on Sunday.

“God is just and powerful,” he said, lingering outside his tent. “A miracle is going to touch the hearts of immigration agents and the president.”

The Villatoros fled a town near the Mexican border for reasons Ignacio declined to discuss because he said he feared for his family’s safety.

They hope to join relatives in Los Angeles, where he said his children could learn English, go to school, play in parks and buy toys — luxuries that are out of reach to them in Guatemala.

Border Handcuff Update

Yesterday, I went to the Otay SENTRI office, to investigate what caused my 70 minute handcuff and ankle bracelet detention on April 18, 2018 at San Ysidro Border Crossing.

When wronged by authority/law enforcement, which type are you?

  1. Need to investigate all, no expense/energy spared. Someone is going to pay for this atrocity
  2.  Modest amount of energy, need to find out why, but gotta roll with punches
  3.  As long as it doesn’t happen again, I’m all puppies and rainbows

Put me in category 2 at this point.  I’m hoping I will find out why my perfectly clean record and always humble demeanor via several hundred border crossings caused last week’s cuffed detention.

Arrived at Otay SENTRI crossing Thursday 26 April at 8AM to the longest line I have ever encountered.  The queue wrapped around Blvd Bellas Artes east for approx 1/4 mile.  Good news was that it was only a 20 minute wait.

Guard waved me through rapidly, no questions, no delay.

Arrived at SENTRI office reception at 8:30 and was treated well.  Guy that could be Seinfeld’s Newman character’s younger brother gleefully helped me.  They had my paper file waiting and took my passport book and SENTRI card and driver’s license.

The SENTRI office at Otay is very much like a DMV office.  Seating is for approx 40 and it was packed this morning.  BTW, all of the CBP staff here have pistols. My wait was exactly 70 minutes.

Because SENTRI incorrectly typed in my birth year as 2013, I would need a new SENTRI card.  Great!  Let’s get one.  Well, the Otay SENTRI office can’t do this.  I needed to go online to the “replace card” section of the ttp.cbp.dhs website.

And I will be without a SENTRI card and unable to use the SENTRI lane for approx 1 week waiting for the new document.

BONUS:  Because of SENTRI’s clerical error, I get to pay them an extra $25USD for processing.  I found the “ask for refund” section on the ttp.cbp.dhs site and wrote “Why are you rewarded for your clerical error and I am punished?”.  Guessing this will land me back in the detention box soon!

When at Otay SENTRI office I told my handcuff detention story to my CBP “officer”.  She was very professional and said that nothing in my record indicated any problem. They have the same screen info that the border crossing booths display.

I have a FOIA request at CBP asking why I was detained.  But, these typically take 3 months.  I’m guessing I will never know the reason for my thrill in the “hielera” at San Ysidro.

Migrants at Border

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