Category Archives: Politricks

TJ Migrants Busing South

Several migrants from Guatemala and Honduras board a bus headed from Tijuana to Mexico’s southern border on July 24. (John Gibbins/The San Diego Union-Tribune)

MEXICO CITY (AP) — The Mexican government said Friday it is busing migrants who have applied for asylum in the United States to the southern Mexico state of Chiapas.

About 30,000 migrants have been sent back to northern Mexican border cities to await U.S. asylum hearings under a policy known as “Remain in Mexico” under which they have to wait for hearings months away. But few provisions have been made for them to be housed or seek legal representation, and many cities on the northern border are among the most dangerous in Mexico.

Mexico’s National Immigration Institute said it is uses to move migrants south from Nuevo Laredo and Matamoros — two of the most dangerous cities on the northern border. Both cities are in northern Tamaulipas state across from Texas and are dominated by drug cartels.

The migrant agency said the goal of the busing is “to provide a safer alternative for those who do not want to remain on the U.S.-Mexico border.” It did not say how many people had been taken by bus to Chiapas so far.

The Associated Press reported that in July, Mexico had begun busing some of the returned migrants out of Tamaulipas to the city of Monterrey, in neighboring Nuevo Leon state. Authorities said it was for their safety, but many were dropped off in that unfamiliar city in the middle of the night.

Officials gave no indication of how the migrants would return to the border from Monterrey for their court dates. That problem would be amplified for migrants bused to Chiapas, nearly all the way back to the Guatemala border.

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MEXICO CITY (AP) — The Mexican government said Friday it is busing migrants who have applied for asylum in the United States to the southern Mexico state of Chiapas.

About 30,000 migrants have been sent back to northern Mexican border cities to await U.S. asylum hearings under a policy known as “Remain in Mexico” under which they have to wait for hearings months away. But few provisions have been made for them to be housed or seek legal representation, and many cities on the northern border are among the most dangerous in Mexico.

Mexico’s National Immigration Institute said it is uses to move migrants south from Nuevo Laredo and Matamoros — two of the most dangerous cities on the northern border. Both cities are in northern Tamaulipas state across from Texas and are dominated by drug cartels.

The migrant agency said the goal of the busing is “to provide a safer alternative for those who do not want to remain on the U.S.-Mexico border.” It did not say how many people had been taken by bus to Chiapas so far.

The Associated Press reported that in July, Mexico had begun busing some of the returned migrants out of Tamaulipas to the city of Monterrey, in neighboring Nuevo Leon state. Authorities said it was for their safety, but many were dropped off in that unfamiliar city in the middle of the night.

Officials gave no indication of how the migrants would return to the border from Monterrey for their court dates. That problem would be amplified for migrants bused to Chiapas, nearly all the way back to the Guatemala border.


Peso Xchg at 20 v Dollar


Today, Wednesday , August 14, at the close of the exchange day, the free dollar advanced 31 cents compared to the previous session. This means that it was sold for up to 20.07 pesos and was purchased at a minimum price of 18.50 pesos at banks in Mexico City.

The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) for its part set the price at 19.5763 pesos . This, to solve obligations in foreign currency payable in the country.

The Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV) finished at one of its lowest levels in recent years , losing 2.09 percent on the day. The S&P BMV IPC index stood at 38,650.09 units, which represented a decrease of 826.41 points compared to the previous level .

In the United States , Dow Jones fell 3.05 percent, Standard and Poor’s 500 decreased 2.93 percent and Nasdaq fell 3.02 percent.

Black Wednesday for the Mexican economy.

Ensenada Water Crisis Continues

Bajadock: Photo is June 2014 celebration of the Aqueduct Doña Petra Canyon success

zetatijuana 5 Aug 2019

The wells of the Doña Petra Canyon, the desalination plants and the reverse flow have not yielded to the maximum. CESPE developed the 2018-2036 master plan that sets priorities for investment, in the order of 10.6 billion pesos

The water crisis in the municipality of Ensenada has not been overcome and is latent, because the works carried out in this state administration were insufficient to guarantee the supply to the total population, 24 hours a day, in addition to not ensure the supply in the short term.

Among the failed, unfinished and delayed projects, there are the wells of the Doña Petra Canyon, the desalination plants in the city and San Quintín (Kenton), the reverse flow, a Public Private Partnership (APP) to replace pipes in the city , the treated water aqueduct for the Guadalupe Valley and the State Water Plan.

Although between four and five years before, the volume of water available to the city was less than 700 liters per second (lps) and that to date almost one thousand liters per second is reached – which has allowed to provide water to about 130 thousand more inhabitants, according to the State Commission of Public Services of Ensenada, CESPE-, currently coverage is 95 percent of households in the city.

Due to the demand and to avoid the shortage again, in the next two years it is proposed to activate the second stage of the desalination plant, calculated the director of CESPE, Carlos Loyola.

Official figures show that, of average daily supply of 17 hours in 2015, in 2019 there is already water for 22 hours. In some areas it is reduced to 20 hours, where before the service was held for 10 hours. However, in the southern area the panorama is chaotic.

Currently the city is supplied by the following sources: Maneadero, 240 lps; Chapultepec, 70 lps; city, 20 lps; desalination plant, 250 lps; water treatment plant (with four months in operation, 40 lps; La Mision, 240 lps; reverse flow, 130 lps. The Guadalupe Valley has a capacity of 25 lps destined for that area.


In February 2014, the then director of CESPE, Arturo Alvarado, announced the drilling of wells in the Doña Petra Canyon with an investment of 25 million pesos, which would end the tandeos.

The wells were inaugurated in June of the same year, with a volume of 117 liters per second. However, months later they only contributed 6.6 liters per second. They are currently not listed in the source list.

After at least four delays in the date of operation and with an investment in the order of 155 million pesos, 60 more than originally planned, the reverse flow was launched at the end of 2015.With a capacity to send 300 liters of water per second, it currently provides 130 liters to Ensenada.

In 2016, the Secretary of Infrastructure and Urban Development of the State (SIDUE) launched the call for APP 009/2016 under the SIDUE-CESPE-APP-2016-009 contest, to carry out the project “Works Needed in order to Modernize the Distribution System of Potable Water in the Municipal Head of Ensenada, Baja California ”.

The winning company would invest 321 million 116 thousand 588 pesos with 88 cents, without Value Added Tax (VAT) included, obtaining a monthly consideration of 4 million 50 thousand 974 pesos with 62 cents without VAT, which would cost CESPE more than 800 million pesos in a period of 15 years. The project was rejected because it was not viable for the parastatal.

Without environmental permits, in March 2016 the symbolic start of the construction of the Kenton desalination plant in the area known as “La Chorera”, in San Quintín, took place. The work has an investment scheduled for the order of 875 million pesos, a 27-year contract under the APP scheme, with a production of 250 liters per second. Formally the works have not started, three months after the end of the current state administration.

In the first months of 2018, the State Commission of Public Services of Tijuana awarded the company Odis Asversa the contract for the “Design, Construction, Equipment and Operation of the Recovered Water Conduction System for the Guadalupe Valley in the Municipality of Ensenada ”Per thousand 544 million pesos.

In October of the same year, the document was signed between the state government and the company of Israeli origin. To date, the wine growers have not signed with the company, due to differences in the price of water.

At the end of last year, with almost 20 months of delay and a cost greater than 882.4 million pesos -310 million more than originally projected- the Ensenada desalination plant began operating.Provides 250 liters per second, with the possibility of increasing up to 500 liters per second in a second, without having a date to start it up. Even without operating, it was inaugurated in June 2018 by the then President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto.


In the southern delegations of the municipality, such as Camalú, Punta Colonet and San Quintín, CESPE provides water to its inhabitants every three to four weeks, only for one day, residents of those delegations reported.

The water arrives directly to the battery and from there it is pumped (generating greater consumption of electricity) to the houses for basic needs, such as washing dishes, using the toilet and bathing. The liquid that falls into the batteries lasts approximately two weeks.

Once the water in the battery runs out, the inhabitants must buy it from the CESPE pipes at a much higher price, between 12 and 30 pesos, the 200 liter warmth, although the distributors give priority to those who fill their batteries.

Between Camalú and San Quintín about 80 colonies are calculated without water networks, many of these irregular, while in Colonet there are three lacking pipes.

Regarding the Kenton desalination plant, Carlos Loyola commented that an ejidatario is missing for closing the deal to install the lines for its land, and acknowledged that the company has had problems from a regulatory point of view, although it already has the credit line. In his opinion, the solution to the problem of water in the southern zone is to desalinate seawater.


In Ensenada the quality is not always adequate when exceeding total dissolved solids and, since it is not of potable quality, the right to water -included in Article 4 of the Constitution- is not fulfilled, according to Dr. Mariana Villada Canela , a researcher attached to the Oceanological Research Institute (IIO) of the Autonomous University of Baja California (UABC), Ensenada Campus.

In coordination with Vanessa Elizabeth García Searcy, one of her master’s students whose work was focused on the issue of ecosystem management in arid areas, Villada developed for two years the study “ Implications of the Human Right to Water in the Management of Water Resources in Baja California ”.

For both, the human right to water implies having enough recourse, that is healthy, acceptable, accessible and affordable for personal and domestic use. However, not all people have the same ability to access water.

On this subject, Loyola acknowledged that the quality of water in Ensenada varies from source. Currently the source with the worst quality (highest salinity) is that of former Ejido Chapultepec.



Given this scenario, CESPE developed the 2018-2036 Master Plan that contemplates the need to invest 10.6 billion pesos in the next 18 years, in new sources, replacement of networks, sewage collectors and treatment plants.

The plan, with a cost of 9 million pesos -50% contributed by the National Water Commission-, includes the diagnosis, demand, infrastructure and financial model; It is considered by the owner of the parastatal as a key to raising the quality of service.

Despite having identified the problem, at the end of this administration no investment will be made, instead, the plan will be delivered to the next state administration headed by the morenista Jaime Bonilla Valdez, seeking to offer a real picture of the situation facing CESPE and the city in water matters, but without the guarantee of being attended.

The first step to be taken to make CESPE’s service more efficient, engineer Loyola said in an interview, “is to have a tariff policy that achieves operational self-sufficiency.”

For the state official, it is not possible that more than 70% of the water in Ensenada has a below-cost rate, which causes losses in each cubic meter. The current domestic rate is around 19 pesos on average, while the average cost per cubic meter reaches 32 pesos.

The next step would be to review the feasibility of the projected investments, for which it opened the possibility of doing so under a mixed, adequate and transparent scheme, with private investment, without discarding public investment.

According to the diagnosis, the city of Ensenada has about 400 thousand inhabitants in the urban area and more than half a million in the municipality.

In October 2018, there were 800 leaks in the network and almost one thousand in meter frames. In June 2019, 170 leaks were reported.

As for calls due to lack of water, in 2015 there were 3,741 monthly reports, that is, almost 45,000 calls in the year. Three years later, the number dropped to 1,667 monthly reports, 12,000 a year, while in 2019 the average is 340 monthly calls.

However, approximately 40% of the water networks in the city are in poor condition, with a useful life close to 40 years, causing the parastatal to operate “practically manually, we do not have automation”. Said automation, Loyola said, “would save resources on personnel, gasoline and units, which would allow to invest in efficiency and reduce operating costs.”

CESPE has a portfolio of approximately 145 thousand clients; In 2036 it is projected to reach 270 thousand accounts, almost double the current. This will cause the current demand to increase from one cubic meter per second to between 2.7 and 3 cubic meters per second.

In order to cope with this situation, in addition to the increase in the rate, the need to replace driving lines, fountains, aqueducts, sewerage network and treatment plants is included.

Just to efficiently operate the Maneadero aqueduct, an investment of 411 million pesos is calculated; Another aqueduct to which it is urgent to invest is the Morelos, from San Antonio de las Minas to the tanks.

For the urban area, for the next few years it is proposed to activate the second phase of the desalination plant (until reaching 500 lps), then build another plant north of the municipality, between El Sauzal and La Mision, along the Carretera Libre, where the CESPE has identified an enormous amount of land susceptible to development in which the main inhibitor is water.

“After that desalination plant in the north I no longer dare to say what the next work would be, it could be the Tanamá-Ensenada aqueduct or a third desalination plant,” the head of CESPE analyzed.

Finally, the section of the financial model is considered as the tool for decision-making regarding tariff and administration policies, aimed at generating investment conditions between the various government orders.

The vision of this model is that CESPE can have a sustained and efficient operation, that at a given moment the government resources go to investment and not operation, as is currently the case.

He exemplified with the inability to pay desalinated water due to the non-approval of the increase in the rate by local deputies. At the end of this year it is estimated that the state government will contribute about 170 million pesos for the payment of said water, when the ideal would have been to invest it in infrastructure, he explained.

The current operating cost of CESPE is estimated at 760 million pesos, with an overall amount of 840 million, taking into account liabilities with the National Water Commission and Issstecali, among others; generates revenue of 600 million pesos and, at the same time, faces a debt in the order of one billion pesos.

96% of Crime is Free

Of 2 million 85 thousand 842 investigation files initiated in 2018 in Mexico, only 81 thousand 80 resulted in a process linkage, that is, 3.9 percent, the report “Findings 2018. Monitoring and evaluation of the Criminal Justice System”, prepared by Mexico Evaluates.

According to the document, 835,378 cases were under investigation.

Impunity in the country, the organization concludes from these data, is 96.1 percent at the state level and 96.4 percent at the federal level.

“In general terms, the criminal justice system still contains significant levels of impunity. There has been no improvement in the conditions of efficiency and effectiveness of the institutions of the system to provide justice to citizens.

“Although some of the states have made progress to provide a satisfactory solution to the issues they know, the percentage of unresolved cases is very high and, worryingly, sometimes corresponds to almost all of the issues,” the document warns. .

The State Impunity Index included in the report reflects that, at the local level, the entities with the highest levels of impunity are Tamaulipas, with 99.9 percent; Veracruz, 99.8; Nuevo León, 99.6;Chiapas, 99.4, and Tabasco, 99.4 percent.

As measured by México Evalúa, the lowest levels of impunity are presented in Guanajuato, with 87.6 percent; Querétaro, 90; Puebla, 90.1; Campeche, 91.7, and Baja California, 91.8 percent.

At the federal level, the organization concluded that the effectiveness, understood in the report as “satisfactory answers”, is only 5.4 percent, so the level of impunity is considered worrying.

“In a broad sense, impunity implies the lack of investigation and resolution of a case, either by a conviction or by some alternative route. While it is a phenomenon present in all societies, the levels at which impunity It permeates a justice system that differentiates a robust rule of law from one that is not, “he says.
Counter Reformation
Mexico Evalúa and the United Nations warned about the existence of signs that outline a risky counter-reform to the criminal justice system.

In the presentation of the “Findings 2018” report, Edna Jaime, director of México Evalúa, affirmed that this would not only mean a return to the past, but that it would exacerbate corruption in access to justice.

“The country is at a crossroads, on one side is the path that leads to the consolidation of the reform of the system, the other path leads us to a counter-reform process in which institutional construction work is abandoned and we stay in middle of the road with a system where deficiencies are subsidized, “he warned.

The specialist warned about the construction of a speech that suggests that the accusatory-oral model favors impunity through phenomena such as the “revolving door”.

He pointed out that the reforms to constitutional article 19 that extended the crimes that merit informal pretrial detention and the laws on domain extinction are incompatible with the system itself.

Jan Jarab, representative in Mexico of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, agreed that there is a risk of setback.

“My office has encouraged the Mexican State on past occasions that it is necessary to avoid reforms that are detrimental to the accusatory system,” he said.

Asylum Seekers at Border 

August 4, 2019

Eighteen miles up the coast, the beachside community of Coronado, on a peninsula across the bay from San Diego, practically gleams on the horizon but seems like another world.

The gallows humor of a tormented and unappreciated neighbor underpins a famous saying attributed to the late-19th century Mexican President Porfirio Diaz: “Poor Mexico. So far from God, so close to the United States.”

Here at the Playas de Tijuana and other locations in this culture clash of a border town bursting with nearly 2 million people, that couldn’t be more true.

Tijuana has all of the trappings of a city at the edge of two countries: Tens of thousands of Mexican commuters traveling across the border to work in the San Diego area each day, busy shopping districts, gritty party zones filled with foreign clubbers, unflappable residents who’ve seen it all.

The city’s also on edge, a battleground in the political fight in the United States over what to do about the thousands of migrants who’ve made their way here in the past year.

The new arrivals have traveled over Mexico’s rugged terrain mostly on foot but also by train, smugglers’ vehicles and other means, from Central and South America and the Caribbean.

What many of them are looking for is the chance to find safety, work or a good education in the United States for their kids.

Once they reach the border, what they often find instead is uncertainty.

In Tijuana, the idea of “asylum” takes on many different meanings. The city has come to represent a safe haven of its own — the place to regroup, hold tight or settle while the dream of living in the United States hangs in the balance or fades entirely once the reality of America’s shifting asylum rules becomes clear.

The distance to Tijuana from Tapachula — the border town in the southern Mexico state of Chiapas that sits just across from Guatemala and serves as a launch site for migrant caravans — is 2,425 miles.

The trip north through Mexico alone takes 44 hours by car, about two days.

It takes 800 hours on foot, a little over one month.

Every day, thousands of Mexican commuters cross this busy border to work in the San Diego area, while Americans visit Tijuana to shop and go to nightclubs.

Lots of factors have forced people to take this grueling journey. Poverty, organized crime and political instability have upturned countries in the Americas, particularly El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Venezuela, that were already fragile. The latest shift by the Trump administration would make it all but impossible for any of these migrants — adult or child — passing through Mexico from other countries to get asylum. It is being challenged in court.

This isn’t the first major wave of migrants from Central America to arrive at America’s doorstep. Going back to the 1990s, people were fleeing drug and gang-related violence in the region. Internal political conflicts in the 1980s, some supported by U.S.-backed covert operations, also contributed to instability in the region, driving people to safer countries.

But today’s migrants are more heavily influenced by organized crime.

“Whereas migrants fled civil wars in the 1980s, they now flee gangs,” Daniel Reichman, a Central American migration expert at the University of Rochester, recently wrote.

There’s also a Haitian-migrant community of about 3,000 in Tijuana.

A shantytown set in a ravine with no paved roads serves as home base for some migrants from that impoverished country, which is still recovering from a devastating earthquake in 2010.

In the city center, Haitian-owned businesses, barber shops and restaurants, have sprung up to serve fellow expats as well as locals.

The border looks like a fixed presence, a line on the map. But the closer you get to it, and the more you talk to migrants living near it, you come to realize that it is much more than that.

It’s both a series of fences, walls, checkpoints and natural barriers and a metaphorical goal post that can be moved back and forth according to the whims and demands of those in power.

The border’s tantalizingly close, and painfully out of reach.

Dogs walk by the U.S.-Mexico border fence in the East Tijuana neighborhood of El Nido de las Aguilas, or The Eagle’s Nest.

The Department of Homeland Security says that a 600% surge of apprehensions of families migrating with children at the U.S. Mexico border over the past year has brought America’s border-security and immigration systems “to the point of collapse.”

Given the recent surge, a dramatic increase in the percentage of asylum-claim denials over the past two years, unpredictable policy shifts at the federal level and a yearslong backlog of asylum cases on the U.S. side, migrants waiting to make their cases face the difficult decision of whether to keep waiting, settle in Tijuana, enter illegally or go home.

Tijuana has a generally welcoming spirit and a strong economy for migrants with Mexican work visas who decide to stay. But it is by no means ideal.

The city recently earned the unwelcome distinction of becoming the fifth most dangerous city in the world — 100.77 homicides per 100,000 people in 2017 — due in large part to turf battles between rival criminal organizations. Last year was its most violent ever — 2,500 homicides.

Juan Carlos, a 36-year-old who migrated with his wife and three children from El Salvador in October, has no intention of going back, despite the challenges of living in Tijuana.

This spring he decided to settle on the outskirts of the city, at a home offered to him by generous locals. Up until recently the family was staying at shelters.

A baker and bread distributor by trade, Juan Carlos says he left El Salvador after he was beaten for not paying a $50 monthly kickback to a local gang. He says the gang informed him that if he failed to pay the next month, he and his family would be killed. Because he fears for his life, he asked that I use only his first and middle name.

Gangs such as Barrio 18 and MS-13 have terrorized and extorted entire poor communities in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, neighboring countries that make up the Northern Triangle.

“If you get along with the guys in the street, the police come and kill you or unfairly put you in jail for several years, and if you become friends with the police, the gangsters come and do entire massacres in your house,” Juan Carlos says.

“All that is daily life. On this side, there’s a neighborhood; opposite, there’s another neighborhood. There, they have a gang, and here they have another gang.”

Every day back home, Juan Carlos had to choose sides.

In the end, he’s had to choose countries.

“All that made us scared for our lives,” Juan Carlos says of his situation. “We had to gather our clothes and our children and leave in the middle of the night.”

The family eventually made it to Tapachula, where they lived for three months while waiting for Mexican humanitarian visas, good for one year, before joining a caravan.

The family was broke.

“There were times where I lost my sense of shame,” Juan Carlos says of that period. “I had friends who gave me a hand. They’d give me money. And when we had nothing to eat, I’d go begging to the parks.”

Juan Carlos and his family joined a caravan that made its way on foot to Tijuana; they arrived at the end of January.

When we met, he and his family were staying at a shelter run by the group Juventud 2000, in what looked like walled-in lot with a covered roof that let in the cold spring air.

Dozens of tents, a dining area and restrooms filled the small space. Children ran through the aisles while listless-looking grown-ups watched TV in plastic chairs.

Among the migrants waiting in Tijuana for their asylum cases to move forward in the states, there are similar stories of desperation and resignation in the face of a U.S. immigration system that government officials say is overburdened.

Aracely, Juan Carlos, their children and a friend walk to a laundromat in Tijuana. Hugo Castro, of the nonprofit Border Angels, says his organization works with the shelter they lived in and eight others around Tijuana, providing volunteers, donated goods and medical assistance. Castro said migrants and asylum-seekers are fleeing violence, extortion and deaths of family members. “They are in survival mode and just want to stay alive,” he says.

Complicating matters for the migrants, not all stories of hardship by asylum-seekers are equal. Poverty, for instance, doesn’t qualify a migrant for asylum in the states.

Domestic violence and pressure from gangs — the latter of which has been identified as a major reason for the more recent exodus of Central Americans from their homelands — don’t guarantee a successful bid for refuge either.

Juan Carlos realized his chances were slim given the political realities in the United States. That’s one of the reasons why he and his partner decided they’d stay put in Mexico with their three kids, rather than proceed with their plan to make a case for asylum.

They feared that if their claim was denied, they’d be forced to go back home.

“I feel grateful to the Mexican people, and I feel a little upset with North America,” Juan Carlos says.

“We only want the president to touch his heart and say, ‘I’ll give you a chance,’” he says. But “from one moment to another, they tell us, ‘You’re not eligible. You’re all going back to your country.’”

“That’s chaos … It’s like they’re saying, ‘Give me five coffins. I’m sending this family to be buried there.’ It’s not fair.”

Tijuana has long been accustomed to the ebb and flow of people on the move from hardship and heading to the promised land up north — and vice versa.

In fact, about 30% of Mexican nationals who are deported from the United States enter Mexico through Tijuana, according to Jose Israel Ibarra, a journalist and researcher at the El Colegio de la Frontera Norte.

The frontera, as the border is called in Spanish, seeps into the local psyche as effortlessly as waves through the posts in the fence at the beach.

The Tijuana craft brewery Insurgente sells a brew called Migrante IPA, proceeds of which go to local charities serving the migrant population.

Within view of the beach fence, there’s the Undocumented Cafe, whose name plays up the Tijuana area’s status as a way station for migrants on the way to the states as well as people who’ve been deported.

The sun sets in Tijuana. The city is one of the largest in Mexico and sits at the border with California.

Daysi, a single mother from Honduras who was deported from the United States when her 12-year-old son Jimmy was just a year old, fears for her boy’s future if she has to take him to her native country. Because of safety concerns, we’re only using their first names.

Jimmy was born in the United States when she was living in New York.

When I met with them in Tijuana earlier this year, they were sleeping at a shelter operated by the nonprofit, migrant-services group Border Angels while she figured out how to get him back to the country of his birth, even if she couldn’t return because of her deportation.

Daysi said she was arrested on drug charges in New York and referred to ICE 11 years ago. She maintains her innocence, saying she was simply at the wrong place at the wrong time.

What’s more, she argued to immigration authorities at the time, she had a small child who needed her.

But because Daysi didn’t have legal status in the United States, she was given two options: Plead guilty and face jail time or self-deport — voluntarily leave the country.

She chose to leave. Officials sent her baby boy to be with her in Honduras soon after.

She wants the United States government to review her case and allow her to return.

Jimmy, a quiet boy with light eyes and a faraway seriousness, wrapped his arm around his mother as she tearfully explained her journey from the south and her dreams for up north. He’s looking out for her, while she plots the next steps for them.

Speaking in Spanish with the help of an interpreter, Daysi said she would give up her son for adoption to an American family if she had to, whatever it would take to secure a stable life and safety for her son.

She said his birth certificate is missing and that has complicated her plans.

When I spoke to her, she was earning a little money ironing clothes and Jimmy was selling shrimp skewers on the beach.

They had recently been able to send small amounts back home to Daysi’s struggling mother, to help with her basic needs.

Daysi wanted at least to make it possible for Jimmy to go back and forth to a school on the other side of the border in San Diego, where he could get a better education.

Daysi and her son Jimmy, 12, found a space together in a Tijuana shelter that provides housing to migrants, asylum-seekers and people who have been deported from the U.S. Jimmy is an American citizen by birth, but mostly grew up in Honduras. Daysi says gangs threatened them, so they fled north through Mexico.

One thing she refused to consider was sending her son back to the dangers that await a teenage boy in Honduras. She feared he would be recruited by gangs, or killed for rejecting them, if they went there.

“I don’t know what my future has in store for me, but the important thing is that I at least put my son there by the wall,” she said.

Jimmy was matter-fact-about his priorities: “Study, work, help my mom,” he said. “And help us get out of all these problems.”

Daysi recalled with some irony the time Jimmy told her he wanted to be a customs and immigration officer when he grows up.

“But now he’s living … with immigrants,” she said, pointing out that the two of them had to sleep in parks and on floors in the beginning, and beg for money in the street.

A 2018 report by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on the recruitment of children and teens in Central America backs up the claims of migrants who fear returning their sons and daughters to their home countries.

“Girls, boys and adolescents, in fact, are groups most impacted by violence and rights violations in their diverse forms, as well as by organized crime,” the report says.

It also says that government officials in those countries do a poor job of protecting children’s rights and preventing their recruitment into gangs.

Daysi and Jimmy were in a holding pattern. But she was resolute.

“I’d rather turn myself over to the United States and be imprisoned,” Daysi said.

“But I won’t give my son to gangs — ever.”

A few months after I spoke to them, Daysi sent Jimmy to stay with relatives near Washington, D.C.

She remains in Tijuana.

Special thanks to Tijuana-based journalists Jorge Armando Nieto, Cristian Arturo Pichardo Lopez and Inés García Ramos, who contributed to the reporting of this story.

Tyrone Beason is a reporter for the Los Angeles Times. Previously, he was a Seattle Times columnist and Pacific NW magazine reporter.

Corinne Chin is a video journalist at The Seattle Times. She also serves as the newsroom’s Diversity & Inclusion Task Force leader, as well as AAJA Seattle president.

Erika Schultz works as a staff photographer for The Seattle Times, where she focuses on documentary photo and video storytelling.

Project editor: Danny Gawlowski

Story editor: Ray Rivera

Design editor: Frank Mina

Photo editor: Fred Nelson

Project coordinator: Laura Gordon

Tijuana Most Dangerous City in World

The American newspaper USA Today placed Tijuana as the most dangerous city in the world in an analysis it released.

In his justification, with data from the Public Safety Citizen Council, he states that: “This Mexican border city 15 miles south of downtown San Diego has long been one of the most violent cities in Mexico. But even by the standards of The capital of murders, Tijuana has an extremely high murder rate, with no signs that the murders will diminish, and 2019 began with three murders on New Year’s Eve.

The city’s homicide rate increased from approximately 100 murders per 100,000 inhabitants in 2017 at 138 per 100,000 in 2018 “.

Regarding Ensenada, he states that: “This coastal city on the Baja California peninsula, 65 miles south of Tijuana, is one of the six Mexican cities that debuts in this ranking amid a nationwide increase in violent crime. Ensenada It has traditionally avoided cartel-related violence that inflicts other parts of western Mexico, but like other cities in Baja California, violence seems to be changing direction.

In 2017, the tourist city of Los Cabos, at the tip of the Baja California peninsula was the most dangerous city in the world. Los Cabos fell off the list in 2018. “ It should be noted that the rankings include other cities such as Acapulco, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Victoria and Irapuato.

The full list can be found at

<strong>1. Tijuana, Mexico</strong><br />
<strong>&bull; Homicides per 100,000 in 2018:</strong> 138<br />
<strong>&bull; Homicides in 2018:</strong> 2,640<br />
<strong>&bull; Population:</strong> 1,909,424<br />
<br />
This Mexican border city 15 miles south of downtown San Diego has long been one of Mexico's most violent cities. But even by murder-capital standards, Tijuana has an extremely high murder rate, with no signs of the killings abating. Already, 2019 kicked off with three murders on New Year's Eve. The city's homicide rate jumped from roughly 100 murders per 100,000 residents in 2017 to 138 per 100,000 in 2018.

1. Tijuana, Mexico
• Homicides per 100,000 in 2018: 138
• Homicides in 2018: 2,640
• Population: 1,909,424

This Mexican border city 15 miles south of downtown San Diego has long been one of Mexico’s most violent cities. But even by murder-capital standards, Tijuana has an extremely high murder rate, with no signs of the killings abating. Already, 2019 kicked off with three murders on New Year’s Eve. The city’s homicide rate jumped from roughly 100 murders per 100,000 residents in 2017 to 138 per 100,000 in 2018.

<strong>34. Ensenada, Mexico</strong><br />
<strong>&bull; Homicides per 100,000 in 2018:</strong> 47<br />
<strong>&bull; Homicides in 2018:</strong> 253<br />
<strong>&bull; Population:</strong> 542,896<br />
<br />
This coastal city on the Baja Peninsula, 65 miles south of Tijuana, is one of six Mexican cities debuting on this ranking amid a nationwide increase in violent crime. Ensenada has traditionally avoided cartel-related violence inflicting other parts of western Mexico, but like other Baja cities, the violence seems to be shifting its direction. In 2017, the tourist city of Los Cabos, on the tip of the Baja peninsula, was the world's most dangerous city. Los Cabos fell from the list in 2018.

34. Ensenada, Mexico
• Homicides per 100,000 in 2018: 47
• Homicides in 2018: 253
• Population: 542,896

New TJ Bridge in Danger of Collapsing

TIJUANA, BC TO JULY 24, 2019 (AFN) .- Defects of origin as well as the affectation due to runoff, could cause the overpass known as the “Express Node” of the colony November 20, to collapse, particularly against the risk seismic, so a review of the work is urgent, demanded Víctor Escobar Sánchez, president of the Mexican Association of the Construction Industry (AMIC).

The businessman urged the municipal authorities of the Urban Control and Civil Protection area to review the work, especially after the earthquakes felt in the city in recent weeks, and their subsequent replicas.

Escobar recalled that there have already been two strong earthquakes of 6.9 and 7.1 degrees on the Richter scale, more than 30 thousand replicas are expected in the next six months and the possibility of an earthquake greater than 8 degrees, which would be suffering a great collapse of almost all the infrastructure that connects to the mobility of the city.

“We continue to demand that it be addressed, there is an urgent need for a review, of the load test that has never been performed, as well as for the hydrostatic load that it is receiving from the upper runoffs,” said the president of AMIC.

Additionally he referred to the dynamic loads of the passage of the train in that area, the accumulation of traffic on the top of the slab of friction of the bridge, which was not designed for that load, and for the tremendous continuous movement of the earth in the different areas around the location of this work.

Escobar asked the competent authorities to pay attention to this particular work, because of its defective construction and design process, “as well as the alleged corrections that were made to it, and that in truth they are of no use for this structure.”

He explained that the Express Node has defective pillars, as well as “non-existent neoprene support joints, poor drainage work in the lower part of the overpass, poor design in the consideration of the loads of the upper bearing slab, and corrosion excessive steel that was exposed inside. ”

He added that the corrosion is caused by the runoff that existed, in addition to petroleum waste material, acids, among others, “which tend to consume the steel dramatically, with a concrete in the piles of much less quality than required in design”.

“If a review of this structure is not applied in the next few days, we pray that there will be no major earthquake to the previous ones, with a closer epicenter, because this work is going to collapse,” Escobar Sánchez finally said.

130,000 New Police Officers


The new National Model of Police and Civic Justice, approved on Monday by the National Council of Public Security (CNSP), establishes as a goal to incorporate 130 thousand new police officers in the country.

“The Model aims to articulate a strategy with entities and municipalities to set police force status goals that allow sufficient coverage,” he says.

According to official data, until 2018 there was a real operating force status of 255 thousand 673 local police, of which 128 thousand 193 are state and 127 thousand 480 municipal.

The document, prepared by the executive secretariat of the National Public Security System, underlines that one of the fundamental problems of the Police is the restricted nature of their staff.

“The vast majority of entities and municipalities do not have the necessary state of strength to adequately cover shifts and surveillance sectors in their cities and regions,” he says.

For example, at the municipal level, on average, there are 0.9 local police officers per thousand inhabitants. In the case of towns with more than 500 thousand people, the average rises to 1.51. 

According to data contained in the Model, there are 650 municipalities -where 4 percent of the national population live- in which the state of force is clearly insufficient or non-existent.

“The number of municipal governments with sufficient capacity to provide the Police service is limited. Virtually no municipality has a state of sufficient strength, “he says. In order to strengthen the local police, the CNSP also approved an agreement to promote a change in the rules of the Fortamun and allocate at least 50 percent to that end;  “One of the fundamental problems in the development of local police is directly related to their financing,” he adds.

States with the highest and lowest average of police officers per hundred thousand inhabitants:


CDMX 4.3

Tabasco 1.9

Campeche 1.6

Colima 1.3


Baja California 0.3

Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Queretaro 0.4

BCS 1.5

Chihuahua, Durango, Sinaloa 1.5


Additionally, the National Guard arrived this week in Ensenada…article

DHS Defends Border Patrol Station Conditions

FILE – In this Feb.19, 2019 file photo, children line up to enter a tent at the Homestead Temporary Shelter for Unaccompanied Children in Homestead, Fla. A government spokesman says President Donald Trump’s administration is evaluating vacant properties near five U.S. cities as potential permanent sites to hold unaccompanied migrant children. Department of Health and Human Services spokesman Mark Weber said Wednesday that property is being assessed in and around Atlanta; Phoenix; Dallas; Houston; and San Antonio, Texas.  AP PHOTO

Acting Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan on Sunday defended conditions at U.S. Border Patrol stations following reports of crowded and unsanitary conditions that have heightened debate about President Donald Trump’s immigration policy, a trademark issue for his reelection campaign.

“It’s an extraordinarily challenging situation,” McAleenan told ABC’s “This Week.”

The Homeland Security Department’s internal watchdog provided new details Tuesday about the overcrowding in Texas’ Rio Grande Valley, the busiest corridor for illegal crossings. The report said children at three facilities had no access to showers and that some children under age 7 had been held in jammed centers for more than two weeks. Some cells were so cramped that adults were forced to stand for days on end.

Government inspectors described an increasingly dangerous situation, both for migrants and agents — a “ticking time bomb,” in the words of one facility manager. The report echoed findings in May by the department’s inspector general about holding centers in El Paso, Texas: 900 people crammed into a cell with a maximum capacity of 125; detainees standing on toilets to have room to breathe; others wearing soiled clothing for days or weeks.

In tweets Sunday afternoon, Trump went further than McAleenan in defending his administration’s response, accusing the news media of “phony and exaggerated accounts” but without providing evidence.

“Border Patrol, and others in Law Enforcement, have been doing a great job. We said there was a Crisis – the Fake News & the Dems said it was ‘manufactured,'” Trump wrote. Federal detention centers “are crowded (which we … brought up, not them) because the Dems won’t change the Loopholes and Asylum. Big Media Con Job!”

Democrats faulted Trump for not offering an immigration overhaul that could pass a divided Congress.

“The president is acting like we are some weak, pathetic country,” said Colorado Sen. Michael Bennet, a Democratic presidential candidate. “We have the ability to treat human beings humanely. We have the ability to lead our hemisphere in a discussion about how to deal with this refugee crisis,” he said on “Fox News Sunday.”

McAleenan said that since the first of the year, 200 medical providers have been added to facilities, including personnel from the U.S. Coast Guard and the Public Health Service Commission Corps.

“We have pediatricians in border patrol stations for the first time in history trying to help address conditions where children are coming across 300 a day in … April and May,” McAleenan said.

“We’ve built soft-sided temporary facilities. These are spaces that are much more appropriate — high ceilings, more room for children and families. We’ve put them both in Donna, Texas, in South Texas as well as in El Paso to provide additional space. … We’ve bought buses to transport people to better places.”

McAleenan disputed news reports, including those by The Associated Press, of especially troubling conditions at a border station in Clint, Texas, where a stench was coming from children’s clothing and some detainees were suffering from scabies and chickenpox.

“There’s adequate food and water,” he said. “The facility’s cleaned every day, because I know what our standards are and I know they’re been followed because we have tremendous levels of oversight. Five levels of oversight.

“Inadequate food, inadequate water and unclean cells. None of those have been substantiated.”

He said everyone in the chain of command is worried about the situation of children detained at the border. He said that on June 1, his department had 2,500 children in custody, including 1,200 who had been there for more than three days. As of Saturday, McAleenan said there were 350 children, and only 20 have been in the department’s custody for more than three days.

“So that’s huge improvement based on the resources we asked for from Congress and were finally given,” he said.

Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., told NBC’s “Meet the Press” that he is stunned when administration officials say that reports on the conditions are unsubstantiated.

“I’m just like, ‘What world are they living in?'” Merkley said, citing government and news reports. “From every direction you see that the children are being treated in a horrific manner. And there’s an underlying philosophy that it’s OK to treat refugees in this fashion. And that’s really the rot at the core of the administration’s policy.”

Separately, McAleenan addressed questions about U.S. Border Patrol agents who are under fire for posting offensive messages in a “secret” Facebook group that included sexually explicit posts about U.S. Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and dismissive references to the deaths of migrants in U.S. custody. The existence of that group was reported Monday by ProPublica. Prior to that, few people outside the group had ever heard of it.

He said an allegation about such activity was investigated in 2016. “Discipline was meted out on an agent that made an offensive post on that website,” he said.

Mexico Murder Rate @ 94/Day MEXICO is experiencing its worst ever murder rate with 94 killings each day amid a massive surge in violence between cartels.

The number of homicides has rocketed over the past four years with more than 3,000 people slaughtered in June alone — and over 17,000 in the first six months of this year.

 Heavily-armed cops patrol the beaches of Cancun to tackle the staggering murder rate

Heavily-armed cops patrol the beaches of Cancun to tackle the staggering murder rateCredit: James Breeden – The Sun

 How murders in Mexico are increasing to shocking levels

How murders in Mexico are increasing to shocking levels

 Mexican forensic experts observe a gun used in a murder on May 6

Mexican forensic experts observe a gun used in a murder on May 6Credit: Getty – Contributor

If the current trend continues 2019 will beat the previous year’s record of 33,341 murders, which was 33 per cent more than three years ago.

Compare this to the total recorded last year in the UK, which has half Mexico’s population but only has 726 murder victims.

The rising death toll is the result of many cartels splintering into factions, which in turn are engaging in increasingly bloody battles over control of lucrative drug, theft, extortion and kidnapping rackets.

Security specialist Ricardo Márquez Blas told Mexico News Daily: “The last year of [the administration of] former president Enrique Peña Nieto was bad in terms of the crime rate but 2019 is on the path to being even worse.

“It’s important to understand that we’re doing worse in security than the worst year on record.”

Half a million UK holidaymakers jet out there each year.

The Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean coast has the most popular resorts but as revealed by Sun Online hundreds of people are murdered here each year and tourists are increasingly being caught up in the bloodshed.

It’s important to understand that we’re doing worse in security than the worst year on record

Security Specialist Ricardo Márquez Blas

In Cancun alone there was 540 murders last year which shot up from 205 killings in 2017.

In one 36-hour spell in April last year NINE PEOPLE were murdered there.

Four months later, eight bodies were found after a cartel murder spree – with two of the victims dismembered and found in separate plastic bags.

It is believed they were tortured, then burned before being chopped up into little pieces.

 A map showing the Mexican resorts which are popular with tourists... and murderous gangsters

A map showing the Mexican resorts which are popular with tourists… and murderous gangsters

As previously reported, security experts told The Sun that ruthless enforcers from the Jalisco New Generation Cartel – now the strongest drug gang in the area – were forging frightening new ground.

Francisco Rivas, 45, who monitors cartel activity for Mexico’s National Citizen Observatory, said: “Now the new cartel members, like those from Jalisco New Generation, don’t respect the old rules. Something has changed.

“They attack rivals in urban areas and murders happen in tourist areas.

“They are not targeting the tourists, but they may fight a cartel rival if they see them out in the shops or eating and drinking in tourist areas.

“Jalisco New Generation is not only the biggest and the strongest cartel, but it is also the most violent cartel we have in Mexico.”

 Cops in the resort town of Cancun are armed with guns, rifles and knives

Cops in the resort town of Cancun are armed with guns, rifles and knivesCredit: James Breeden

 A bullet hole in a window following a murder at a house in Juarez

A bullet hole in a window following a murder at a house in JuarezCredit: Getty – Contributor

 View of the body of a woman shot dead near her house in Culiacan, Sinaloa, on August 1, 2018

View of the body of a woman shot dead near her house in Culiacan, Sinaloa, on August 1, 2018Credit: Getty – Contributor

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Mexican ​police battle drug cartels ​on the beaches of Cancún


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