Category Archives: Maps

San Diego Almost Stayed in Mexico


by staff Cartographic Editor Yanet de Yuma  

LATimes

I find it odd that so many people in this country are taking note of the centennial of the outbreak of the Spanish-American war–the sinking of the battleship Maine was on Feb. 15, 1898–while at the same time virtually ignoring an important anniversary in the Mexican-American War.

I refer to the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which on Feb. 2, 1848, ended hostilities in a much longer (22 months as opposed to four) conflict.

The Spanish-American War certainly merits attention. It made this country a world power when Washington wrested from Spain not just Caribbean islands like Cuba and Puerto Rico, but key outposts in the Pacific like the Philippines and Guam.

But the spoils of the Mexican War are not to be denigrated. The peace treaty, named after the Mexico City suburb where it was signed, acknowledged the United States’ annexation of Texas as a state and ceded half of Mexico’s territory to this country–land that today includes all or parts of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado and Montana.

Other effects of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo also resonate to the present day. Its echoes are heard in debates over everything from illegal immigration to NAFTA to which national team Mexican-born soccer fans in Los Angeles should root for.

To begin with, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo created the first generation of Mexican Americans by guaranteeing the Mexicans who inhabited the ceded territories the right to their property, language and culture. To this day there are Latino activists who cite the treaty, and not more recent civil rights laws, as the legal basis for programs like bilingual education. I personally think such arguments are on shaky ground, given how much things have changed in the Southwest since 1848. But that doesn’t make the argument any less interesting or provocative.

Of more relevance, to my mind, is that the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo put the western end of the U.S.-Mexico border in an utterly illogical–and ultimately rather futile–place.

As the final details of the treaty were being hammered out by diplomats in Mexico City, there was uncertainty almost to the last moment over where exactly to draw a new U.S. border with Mexico. The Mexicans wanted to draw the line at the 37th parallel, just south of Monterey. They assumed the United States would be satisfied with the two fine harbors offered by the San Francisco and Monterey bays. But U.S. negotiators also wanted the harbor at San Diego included in the deal.

According to a San Diego State University historian, Richard Griswold del Castillo, the Mexicans tried to keep San Diego by insisting that the mission there had long been considered the northernmost outpost of Baja California. But their claim was disproved when a young military officer in the U.S. delegation, a Virginian named Robert E. Lee who would go on to fame in the Civil War, researched the Mexican archives and came up with proof that the mission San Diego de Alcala was actually the southernmost outpost of the province of Alta California.

With the conquering army of Gen. Winfield Scott still occupying Mexico City, the U.S. argument carried the day and the U.S.-California border was set at “one marine league due south of the southernmost point ” of San Diego Bay. That is where it runs today, between the San Diego suburb of San Ysidro and the Mexican metropolis of Tijuana.

And for all the controversy that still flies around that border, over drug smuggling and other crimes, immigration, pollution and the like, there is no denying that both San Diego and Tijuana have prospered from the relative openness of their mutual frontier.

One suspects that is how Lee and the other U.S. negotiators wanted it. For if the U.S. had really wanted a virtually impenetrable border with Mexico, it would have drawn the line somewhere else in 1848. Maybe not below Monterey Bay, but perhaps along the spine of California’s rugged coastal mountains, leaving the ocean side to Mexico.

Imagine a border running from where the Santa Ynez Mountains rise north of Santa Barbara, to the San Gabriel and San Bernardino Mountains that loom above the Los Angeles Basin. From the terminus of those mountain ranges all the way to the Rio Grande in southern New Mexico, the Mojave and Sonora deserts provide another formidable barrier. Even in modern times, such a border would have been virtually impassable by anyone who didn’t have a legitimate reason to cross.

But in 1848, a victorious United States wanted all it could get from Mexico and pretty much came away with it. In the process it got a little more than it bargained for, not least a whole lot of Mexican Americans whose distant cousins continue to live and work in the Southwest, and far beyond it, to this very day.

There are plenty of U.S. citizens who worry about that, I know. But it does help explain why, to most Latinos, the migration of Mexicans back and forth across our southern border seems a perfectly natural and normal part of life. And for all our efforts to change it through immigration restrictions and bigger border fences, we shouldn’t expect it to change very much.

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Macroplaza Overpass on Reforma


by Staff Construction Editor Casco Calafia 

Did anyone studying this plan for flooding?  Guesstimate is that the trench they would dig would be below sea level?  Remember this flood in that same block in February?…

fronteraensenada

Members of the Mexican Chamber of the Construction Industry (CMIC) of Ensenada met with the Secretaries of Infrastructure and Urban Development (Sidue), the Secretary of Fisheries of the State (Sepesca) and Cespe, to whom they presented the “Project Bank” “In which they have worked and put at the disposal of the dependencies.

Héctor Ramos García, spokesman of the CMIC on behalf of the president of the same body, said that the Bank of Works seeks to accelerate the work of the dependencies, with the development of priority works for the city, highlighting above all, works of urban mobility.

Among the works they have done, there are underpasses along Reforma Avenue, which would give the city more agility and stop the pollution growth that the Port is experiencing at this moment;the work planned was Calle Hierro, which includes an overpass that would prevent the road from braking at peak hours.

“The creation of a project bank is a good way to contribute to the link between companies and government, between students and companies, since students from different universities have also been added,” said architect Eduardo Hernández Castro, president of the commission Young entrepreneurs

This work seeks to speed up road mobility on Reforma Avenue, from Antonio Villarreal Street to Pablo Horta, this, as part of the strategy of linking the camera and educational institutions.

The presence of the student of the faculty of architecture and design of the UABC Okairy Yoselin Salazar Beltrán, who has developed this preliminary project, also stood out.

In the end they agreed to leave open the working tables between Sidue, Cmic, Sepesca and Cespe to know the projects in which they have worked and that are applicable, backed by serious studies, to be executed in the city.

Sidue announced that currently works on 5 priority works for the city, the first of them is: Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada intersection with Teniente Azueta Street (UABC Road Node), Reforma Extension, Chapultepec-Maneadero; Road to Ojos Negros-El Chinero, Eje Esmeralda and the modernization of the stretch Maneadero a la Bufadora, where there are already advances and have been invested so far 1 million 274 thousand pesos.

fotos por ensenada.net:

 

 

Tijuana Periferico Aeropuerto Project


by staff Construction Editor, Catalina Casco   

Gadzooks, this will be a mess in Tijuana. Connecting the Tijuana Airport(east) to Avenida Internacional(west), the road along the TJ Rio that leads to the Pacific Ocean, Tijuana Playas and the Toll Road is a big thing.

Excited to have lane closures and cone zones at San Ysidro border crossing.  Place your bets on the 20 month project timeline, beginning this coming spring(2019).

In map below, the 90 degree blue elbow is the section that crosses the Tijuana Rio.  Photo below the maps shows the planned raised platform(blue dots) crossing the Rio just east of the TJ El Chaparral “U” bridge.

“Today: 40 minutes; Tomorrow 4 minutes”

uniradioinforma

One of the most important infrastructure works for Tijuana that will begin construction in the Spring of 2019 is the so-called ‘Periférico Aeropuerto’, a flyover that will connect the air terminal of our city with Zona Rio and Centro, cutting the times of transfer of approximately 35 to 40 minutes to only 4 minutes, under the concepts of modernity, fluency, improvement of the environment and environment, and, of course, time saving.
Álvaro Giménez, General Director of Cointer México, corporate responsible for the project, after the corresponding tender in which 4 companies participated, stressed that it is a work that will close the circle of the Periférico de la Ciudad, since in the stretch it is still a bridge of 4.2 kilometers will be built that will begin at the roundabout of the Airport, just where the dirt road starts next to the metal fence that separates us from the United States, since it will begin to rise to pass over the train tracks, the Federal colony, to reach the River Zone, turn north and finally descend to the height of the department of the fire station adjacent to the International avenue.
Giménez explained that all these projects are carried out with the vision of improving the mobility of a city, in this case Tijuana, but also with effects on the environment, since hundreds of cars would circulate there every day, once the work is completed, they would spend much less fuel and they would be for a much shorter period of time circulating in the streets, which in the end also pays the economy of the users, in a high road without traffic lights that will be let down at the international booth of San Ysidro, or follow it to the city center, to the international avenue and connect to Playas. This, deepened, applies both ways.
The Director General of Cointer Mexico informed that the work would take 20 months to be built in different stages and that work will be mainly carried out at night so as not to hinder the roads or the international crossing.
Regarding Cointer, he explained that it is a company with more than 20 years of history, always doing civil works, with projects in Mexico such as the 330 kilometer mega-highway of Michoacán, under the same concept of building, operating and maintaining, always as an investment private in addition to other works in Sonora, Chiapas, State of Mexico, Campeche, and in countries such as Spain, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Eastern Europe, among other places on the planet.
The ‘Peripheral Airport’ will have a minimum rate of recovery for users, which can be paid in cash, credit card, Iave card, among others, but also, after a period of 20 years will be delivered to the city, as at the time it happened with the Coronado Bridge in San Diego County, which was a toll road, and then, after the financing period was over, it was released and today its use is free.

Tropical Storm Sergio


by staff weather editor Tropicali Tormenta     

No seeing any rain in Ensenada yet this Friday morning at 7AM.  Expecting some showers later today.

The problem with these storms hitting the 750 mile long Baja peninsula is that the terrain is like an egg carton.  The mountains, valleys and arroyos have pockets of micro climates.

Also, storm drains are not included in Baja infrastructure. Roadways can wash out quickly.

Flooding can occur in isolated areas at any time with as little as one inch of rain.

Ensenada, Riveroll y Calle Segunda, foto por El Vigia

Our favorite little pocket in Ensenada is Calle Segunda(2nd Street).  It is a few hundred meters from the ocean front and is below sea level.  It floods with a little as 1/2″ of rain.

Many foreigners do not realize that the Baja peninsula has two Mexican states.  The states of Baja(aka Baja “norte”) and Baja Sur(“south” and became a state in 1974) split the peninsula in two.

We wish our friends in Baja Sur well during this storm.

Baja Weather Channel is your best source for weather info throughout Baja.

Below shows Sergio’s path history, big right turn like last week’s storm Rosa, and Sergio’s position Thursday at 5pm.

Hurricane Rosa Aims at Baja


Bajadock: My neighbors and I are on alert and have been discussing the possibilities of severe damege from this storm.  Our most severe storm 10 years ago produced 80-90mph winds here in our neighborhood and 70+mph winds in centro Ensenada.

Ten day forecast above looks like a normal rain storm for Ensenada.  Forecasts are often not accurate.

The storm models point to Baja landfall for Rosa at San Quintin/El Rosario area.  Most U.S. weather info on Rosa is focused on the storm’s effect in Arizona and the desert southwest.  Stay tuned to Baja Weather Channel for the best info on Baja Weather and Rosa.

Video below is last night in Cabo San Lucas and Rosa’s rain hitting there.

accuweather.com

The eastern Pacific’s newest tropical system is currently churning out at sea, but Rosa is on track to later cause flooding across the American Southwest.

Rosa developed into a hurricane on Wednesday, and strengthened into a major hurricane by Thursday afternoon.

“The track of Rosa will keep it well west of Mexico through the weekend, meaning the primary impact to land through the weekend will be limited to rough surf and rip currents along the western coast of Mexico,” said AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Dan Pydynowski.

Static Rosa Track 9 am

The system is forecast to be a tropical storm by the time it finally reaches the coast of Baja California, Mexico, early next week.

A tropical storm is a system with sustained wind speeds of up to 72 mph (117 km/h), which are capable of downing trees and power lines, resulting in property damage, power outages and travel disruptions. Communities in central and northern Baja California should begin to prepare for this potentially disruptive weather.

Additionally, Rosa is expected to produce potentially dangerous amounts of rainfall that will spread over areas far beyond the shores of Mexico.

Static Rosa Flood Risk 9 am

“Regardless of its exact intensity as it approaches the Baja, moisture from Rosa will be pulled northward and northeastward across northern Mexico and into the southwestern United States,” Pydynowski warned. “This could lead to locally heavy rainfall and flash flooding early next week across parts of the Southwest.”

“Interaction with a non-tropical weather feature, a southward dip in the jet stream, may allow rain to become widespread and temperatures to plunge over the western U.S., including much of California,” according to AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Alex Sosnowski.

RELATED: 
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3 long-term health dangers that flooding can pose to affected communities

“Even if the two features remain relatively separate, the weather over much of the West next week is likely to be much different when compared to recent weeks and months,” Sosnowski said.

Many places across the Desert Southwest typically receive about 0.5 of an inch of rain or less during the whole month of October. Rosa’s influence could mean some places end up with four times as much over the span of just a few days.

Arroyos, low-lying roads and narrow canyons can flood quickly in periods of heavy rain. Anyone planning to travel or hike through these areas early next week should remain vigilant of the flood risk and plan accordingly.

Ahead of Rosa will be building surf and seas along the shores of northern Baja California, Mexico, and Southern California.

Static Rosa Surf

Small craft operators, bathers and boarders should exercise caution especially on Sunday and Monday. Cruise interests between Southern California and the west coast of Mexico may want to alter their courses until the storm has passed and seas have diminished.

So while direct impacts from Rosa are unlikely north of San Diego, indirect impacts related to surf are anticipated along the shoreline of Southern California.

Bathers will run the risk of being injured by the pounding surf, while rip currents will increase in number and intensity into early next week.

Download the free AccuWeather app for the latest forecast and local watches and warnings.

Tijuana Wall Construction


                                              by staff Construction Editor Catalina Conos  

 

Bajadock: Could not yet find evidence of the new cages for children at the Tijuana border.  Maybe the steel tariff is delaying ICE cage fabrication? This photo captioned as an ICE detainee in cage has been debunked. 

Actual detainees get meals, medical care, clothing and shelter.  I have been treated worse recently at border.  TSA at airport abuses me regularly.  Where is my white privelege?  It appears to me that the immigrants are treated better than US citizens.

Hope they paint the wall.  At least local artists will improve its stark metal.

 

TIJUANA BC JUNE 18, 2018 (AFN) .- The United States government began Monday morning the work of replacing the border fence that was built in the early nineties with metal debris from the Gulf War. at a point located in front of the Abelardo L. Rodríguez International Airport in Tijuana.

As verified by AFN, personnel of the construction company from the state of Texas and who was hired to perform the replacement activities retired at 9 in the morning about 50 meters from the previous fence, in order to give way to specialized machinery that removed and I pave the earth, and then start digging a furrow where the corresponding foundation would be prepared.

Each of the new structures is approximately 6 meters high, consisting of 8 beams that support a rectangular plate on top, the pieces are prefabricated and are being brought in trucks with platforms to the point where they are installed by the work crews.

In the operation were pulled the white wooden crosses that symbolized the thousands of migrants killed since the operation Guardian, and that have been placed through several years by activists defending the rights of migrants on both sides of the border .

The actions of preparation of the base and exact delimitation for the installation of the new structures took the first 6 hours, proceeding to raise the first piece until 3:00 with 45 minutes of the afternoon, where the leveling and adjustment of the metallic bending took 40 additional minutes From that moment, the process became agile, proceeding to raise other structures in less time than the initial one.

In accordance with what was scheduled by the neighboring country of the north and informed in advance of the Mexican counterpart through the International Boundary and Water Commission, this is how the contracted works began with resources approved by the administration of President Barak Obama.

For the past two weeks, workers responsible for the work have been gathering together in several sites on the border with Mexico, the support materials they will use for the replacement, including several pre-armed sections of the tubular barrier, which, already installed, will measure several meters of height and two depth.

* .- Spanish speakers replace the border fence

Despite being covered in the face for work safety issues, AFN noted that the staff that is arranged by the construction company contracted by the US government to replace the metal mesh that marks the boundary between both countries, give orders and exchange phrases in Spanish language, unlike those who apparently coordinate the works that do it in English.

On the US side, the representative of that country of the International Boundary and Water Commission (CILA) between Mexico and the United States, who only called himself Carlos, witnessed the substitution works of the border fence, however, he said he could not give information or interviews since he expected his similar from the Mexican government at any time.

It is worth mentioning that at 5 o’clock in the afternoon, a person with a camera in hand, showed up at the job site, claiming that he was commissioned by the CILA representation in Tijuana to record the activities, informing reporters that they covered the events that holders were in their offices.

* .- Also in the Beaches area they started work

Also in the Playas de Tijuana area, American construction companies are working in front of the Terrazas de Mendoza subdivision, next to the access to Playas de Tijuana, removing what is the cyclonic mesh that divides the United States with Mexico.

The actions are carried out simultaneously in the area of ​​the airport where several meshes have already been removed, on the site in the upper part are elements of the Border Patrol, in a mobile hut with special cameras, specially designed to monitor the area and the labors

Because it is a private subdivision, access to the cameras of the Border News Agency was not allowed, so the actions were taken at a distance of 100 from the place.

Construction work continues and versions indicate that several owners of properties in the area are covered by the federal government.

Most of the works are more advanced in the area near the Tijuana Airport.

Southbound Fridays


               by staff Traffic Editor, Quincy Quiebra 

When I’m stuck in San Diego rush hour traffic, it reminds me to be thankful that I don’t live there.  I wish happy hours lasted as long as most major cities’ rush hours, as it seems like 7AM – 7PM assures you of extensive bumper sticker studies.

Had an appointment that could not be changed and was in Torrey Pines area Friday afternoon.  Exited a bit ahead of schedule at 3:30PM and headed downhill to I-5 southbound.  While beginning my turn onto freeway from Gennessee, noticed cars not moving in a long lineup.

Quickly maneuvered out of that ramp and did a quick northbound I-5 to Carmel Valley for a U turn and get on 805 southbound.  I don’t know if that was good or bad.  It took me 70 minutes to get to the 805/5 reunion lineup to the Tijuana border.

Friday afternoons are always a bad idea at the border.  The 805 v 5 merge, several on ramps, the big right turn down the alley and the minimum of 3 lanes merging to one after you cross at the gates make for high anxiety.

Because of the extra merging of traffic getting on 805 before border, choosing I-5 is usually a better option over 805.

Took me 25 minutes total from 805 and San Ysidro Blvd where the line starts to get through the TJ Chaparral border crossing.  But, the U bridge and Via Internacional road along the TJ Rio westbound are also backed up and crawling at 5PM Fridays.

That adds up to just over an hour and a half to travel 33 miles.

Good news is that they completed the construction project just east of TJ Playas.  But, that project will resume on the north lanes soon.

Add toll booth lineups and Ensenada’s mini rush hour backups in El Sauzal and I’m ready for a beverage or six!

So avoid rush hour Fridays crossing border southbound.  If your schedule forces you, sitting somewhere in San Diego for happy hour and head south after 7PM is a nice option.  Or get to the border before 3PM.

 

 

Hurricane Bud Tuesday


cbs.com

MEXICO CITY — Hurricane Bud grew into a Category 4 storm with winds of 130 mph off Mexico’s Pacific coast on Tuesday. Forecasters said they expect cooler waters to rob most of its punch before a potential collision with resorts of the southern Baja California peninsula.

The U.S. National Hurricane Center said Bud was centered about 350 miles south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas at the tip of the Baja peninsula and it was moving northwest at 7 mph.

The hurricane center said the storm was about 230 miles southwest of Cabo Corrientes, near Puerto Vallarta.

Hurricane Bud is seen in an infrared satellite image capture at 9:30 a.m. ET on June 12, 2018.

Hurricane Bud is seen in an infrared satellite image capture at 9:30 a.m. ET on June 12, 2018.

 NOAA

Forecasters said Bud is heading toward cooler waters and is likely to fall below hurricane force by Wednesday night, then approach the southern Baja as a tropical storm late Thursday.

The center said the hurricane’s core still could generate dangerous heavy surf and rip currents over the coming days.

Rainfall of 3 to 6 inches, with isolated patches of 10 inches, was possible over much of that region into Tuesday afternoon.

A graphic from the National Weather Service shows Hurricane Bud's projected path as of 5 a.m. ET on June 12, 2018. Times displayed are MT.

A graphic from the National Weather Service shows Hurricane Bud’s projected path as of 5 a.m. ET on June 12, 2018. Times displayed are MT.

 NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

Ensenada T Shirt Sales


                        by Traffic Editor Quincy Quiebra    

This was Costero Blvd downtown Ensenada at 5PM Thursday.  The Baja 500 race festivities have Costero Blvd traffic down to two lanes southbound and 1 lane northbound.

This shot shows a long lineup of booths selling T shirts and caps.  Is that it? The Score 500 race turns Ensenada into a big T shirt mall?

 

I decided on taking the direct route southbound Thursday through Centro Nada, despite the Score 500 hooplah and lane closures.  Guessing that the bypass through 9th/10th streets is an extra 10 minutes of travel vs normal route on Costero/Hwy1.

Yesterday afternoon’s traffic crunch may have added 3-4 minutes downtown.  That delay will increase Friday and during the weekend.

The 9th/10th Street gig appears to be similar in length to Hwy 1.  But, the traffic in that bypass is also thick with lots of stop lights.  Choosing the bypass asks if the Hwy 1 route delay is going to be more than 10 minutes.

And T shirt shops are not easily found on Calle Novena!

Ensenada to San Diego Road Report


                                      by Traffic Editor Quincy Quiebra 

Was out the door at 6-ish Wednesday morning for a trip north to San Diego.  That reminds me to get out the door a half hour earlier as Ensenada traffic starts hustling by 06:30.

Here is the lane merge at the Riviera northbound(Floresta is the cross street) to make way for Ensenada SCORE 500 race this weekend. Why didn’t I choose the 10th street bypass?  Guess was that traffic would be ok at 7AM in Centro ‘Nada.  It may have caused a 5 minute delay, no prob.

Zippered 1 lane north and 2 lanes south on Costero(instead of 3 lanes each way. Vehicle staging and awards stage and music stages are in right(normal northbound) lanes.

Rejoin lanes at normal state at Avenida Alvarado.

Above is the map with the approx 1/4 mile zippered lanes at the Riviera Hotel.

This map shows the 9th/10th street bypass.  I might use this coming southbound Thursday evening.

This is your northbound entry on Av Reforma(Hwy 1) to the 9th street(Calle Novena) bypass.

 

This is your southbound entry to the 9th/10th street bypass. The right lane is the most direct/fastest route through Ensenada.  But, this week, the SCORE 500 race will provide delays from Thursday through Sunday in Centro Nada.

Toll Road northbound from Nada to TJ was uneventful.  Moving north to Tijuana…

This construction as you leave TJ Playas and approach the border is a minor delay, add maybe 2 minutes at 8:30 AM commuter traffic.

They have zippered an extra eastbound lane at the TJ Playas construction site.  Works well.  This construction project is supposed to be completed in July.

Moving on to SENTRI traffic…

Tijuana SENTRI traffic was backed up all the way to the Padre Kino statue roundabout.

The universal sign for traffic panic in Tijuana is police yellow tape.  Ok, sometimes it means a dead body.  But, most of the time it means you are going to get creative on getting to the border.  This was a 2 TAPE morning.  There was a cop w/ yellow tape at the taxi entry junction(yellow ribbon at left) and a cop w/ yellow tape at the Padre Kino roundabout not letting me into the SENTRI approach lanes.  So, I went through the intersection(red lines), up the hill, U-turn, down the hill(orange dotted line) to enjoy this beautiful scene…

Begging for a lane entry in Tijuana is like begging for a VIP table from a maitre d at a busy restaurant on a Saturday night with nothing but a crisp Lincoln and a nice smile.  Best of luck.

Total time in SENTRI line was only 34 minutes.  For SENTRI pass holders we usually have a 10-15 minute line.  But, there still seemed to be a Memorial day hangover this Wednesday morning.

Best part of my trip Wednesday?  I was not shackled nor handcuffed nor sent to secondary inspection.  This was the first time since my April 20 handcuffing, shackling and detainment through the SENTRI lane.  Got my new SENTRI card and was barely acknowledged at the CBP booth at 9AM.

No, that’s not me.  I can’t quite rock red pedal pushers and Keds like this dude.  Maybe this is simply a Fashion Police arrest.

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