Baja by the Sea S.D.


— Taking a drive across the border would be one way for San Diegans to sample Baja California’s expanding culinary scene. But this weekend there’s an alternative: Saturday’s Baja by the Sea festival on the San Diego waterfront.

The event’s promoters are promising a wine garden, a beer garden, and 30,000 free food samples at Embarcadero Marina Park North. The menu ranges from traditional Mexican cooking to the Baja Med cuisine that has been winning international attention. More than 70 restaurants have joined forces to offer specialities that include salpicón de carne de res (shredded beef), marlin tostadas, Caesar salad and chilies filled with tuna.

Baja by the Sea

Where: Embarcadero Marina Park North, downtown

Tickets: Free. Those who register (on-site or ahead of time) will receive tickets for four food samples and four beverage samples.

Online: Baja By The Sea

Baja by the Sea is conceived as a showcase for more than just the state’s flourishing food scene. The schedule includes live music, dancing and participation by groups such Tijuana’s Xolos soccer team and the Zonkeys basketball team. Members of the state’s medical community will have a pavilion to promote medical tourism, and the agricultural sector will offer samples of Baja California products — from strawberries to green onions to meat to sea products such as abalone and lobster.

“There’s a lot of people who have not visited Baja in about 20 years,” said Baja California’s tourism secretary, Oscar Escobedo, who is expected to attend the event’s launching. “This gives an opportunity to people from San Diego to see what we have to offer.”

Spearheading the effort is the state’s restaurant chamber, Canirac, together with Baja California state and municipal tourism authorities. All five of the state’s mayors are expected at the opening, together with the presidents of the San Diego Tourism Authority and the Port of San Diego.

This is the third time that the event is staged in San Diego. The first Baja by the Sea was in 2009, a time of plummeting tourism in Baja California, under the combined effects of lengthy border waits, economic recession, drug violence and swine flu.

“Of 1,000 shops on Avenida Revolución, 700 were empty,” said restaurateur Francisco Villegas, director of Baja by the Sea, and the man who originally conceived the event. “It was a tragedy.”

As tourists became increasingly scarce, Villegas thought: “If they’re not coming to us, let’s go to them.”

The event was held again in 2010, but for the past for years has not been staged.

This year’s comes at a far more optimistic time for the state’s tourism sector.The state has a growing craft beer scene, while the Guadalupe Valley not only produces most of Mexico’s wines, but is a popular tourist destination. Escobedo, the tourism secretary, said hotel occupancy rates are up statewide.

Baja by the Sea’s organizers are expecting 8,000 to 10,000 people to attend.

– See more at: http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2015/jul/28/baja-by-the-sea-festival-san-diego/#sthash.0JDBJopd.dpuf

Baja Shellfish Cancer Research


View of La Chorera outside San Quintin, where a California biotech company has joined forces with a Baja California firm to harvest the giant keyhole limpet. — Bibliomaniac15/Wikimedia Commons

Under a new binational partnership to be announced Tuesday, a Baja California aquaculture firm and a Ventura County biotech company plan to make a protein vital to many experimental cancer drugs and vaccines.

Medical researchers around the world buy the purified protein, called keyhole limpet hemocyanin, to develop these drugs. The protein is found in the blood of an obscure marine snail called the giant keyhole limpet.

To provide an additional source, Ostiones Guerrero SA de CV in Baja California, has teamed up with Stellar Biotechnologies of Port Hueneme.

If U.S. regulatory approvals are obtained, and an on-site suitability study is successful, the partners will grow the giant keyhole limpets in an aquaculture farm at La Chorera, a small, isolated fishing community on the Pacific Ocean west of San Quintín and about 180 miles south of San Diego.

It will take about three years to get enough data from the aquaculture project to satisfy drug regulators in the United States and other countries that the protein meets medical standards, said Frank Oakes, CEO of Stellar Biotechnologies.


An adult giant keyhole limpet at Stellar Biotechnologies’ aquaculture facility. They require 5 years to fully mature. The KLH protein can be extracted 3 times a year.— Stellar Biotechnologies

Keyhole limpet hemocyanin stimulates the immune system and also transports attached molecules around the body. A drug made from the protein is sold in Korea, Argentina, Austria and the Netherlands to treat bladder cancer.

The protein is also used in drugs being tested against metastatic breast cancer, stage 3 melanoma, neuroblastoma, multiple myeloma and other cancers.

As more drugs using this protein advance in clinical trials, and especially when these drugs reach the market, demand is expected to grow.

However, giant keyhole limpets occur only along sections of the Pacific Coast stretching from Monterey to Baja California. And if the limpets in this area were to be damaged by disease or environmental stress, keyhole limpet hemocyanin could suddenly be in short supply.

While the companies are not disclosing financial details, it’s a major project, Oakes said.

“We will make significant capital investments in that aquaculture compound, which we think will create a tremendous asset for the state of Baja California, for Ostiones Guerrero, and for Stellar Biotechnologies,” Oakes said.

Last year, Ostiones Guerrero obtained several new permits to harvest a 38-square mile area along the Pacific Coast, that fronts its fishing operations at La Chorera, which includes an abalone farm. The permitted area is rich in sea life and encompasses a volcanic island about six miles offshore, San Martín Island.

“That rocky underwater terrain creates an ideal ecosystem for mollusks in general, including abalone, clams, sea snails, crabs, lobster, all different kinds of species,” said Ron Hoff, a California native who is technical director for Ostiones Guerrero.

The area is also a habitat for the giant keyhole limpet – megathura crenulata – a species that Ostiones Guerrero recently obtained a federal permit to harvest.

“The rocks are literally covered with them,” Hoff said.

While Ostiones Guerrero’s commercial permit allows it to harvest 12 metric tons of keyhole limpet annually, the plan is to farm them onshore at La Chorera, “right next to an ecosystem where they’re naturally thriving,” Hoff said.

Stellar Biotechnologies has developed aquaculture methods it’s now using on land, and intends to use in the Ostiones partnership. Under the partnership, blood will regularly be harvested from cultivated keyhole limpets under a method Oakes says doesn’t harm the animals.

The partnership began after Ostiones Guerrero contacted Stellar.

At the request of the company’s owner, Reyes Guerrero Sandoval, Hoff said he began researching the species – and quickly realized the potential. His inquiries led him to contact the California company, known for producing the protein.

Stellar Biotechnologies has developed aquaculture methods it’s now using on land, and intends to use in the Ostiones partnership. Under the partnership, blood will regularly be harvested from cultivated keyhole limpets under a method Stellar CEO Frank Oakes says doesn’t harm the animals.

The partnership began after Ostiones Guerrero contacted Stellar.

At the request of the company’s owner, Reyes Guerrero Sandoval, Hoff said he began researching the species — and quickly realized the potential. His inquiries led him to contact the California company, known for producing the protein.

Apt partners

“It became obvious that we needed to work with these guys,” Hoff said. “Immediately, they showed a lot of interest.”

“Frank Oakes brought his director of operations down, they went out, they dove, to see the keyhole limpets in the water. We immediately started working on putting a collaboration agreement together.”

Ostiones Guerrero has a commercial permit to take out 12 metric tons a year of giant keyhole limpets, Hoff said, but the plan is to farm them onshore. “The systems and ecosystems are ideal for the giant keyhole limpets,” Hoff said. “It makes sense to put aquaculture facilities right next to an ecosystem where they’re naturally thriving.”

On Tuesday, Ostiones Guerrero and Stellar Technologies are scheduled to officially announce their agreement. The agreement “will set the direction for our two companies to begin working together to help Stellar expand their ability to produce KLH,” Hoff said. The method is an eco-friendly one, he said, “that should help guarantee the species’ long-term survival.”

The first step would involve a suitability study, Hoff said, and involve the construction of an onsite power generation and seawater intake infrastructure at La Chorera, a small, relatively isolated fishing community located on the Pacific Ocean west of San Quintin. If that goes well, the partners would set out to built a limpet hatchery, a facilities where they would grow, a laboratory to extract the KLH and purification for export to pharmaceutical markets.”

Oakes said he became interested in KLH about 20 years ago, when approval of a bladder cancer drug was held up because the drug maker could explain to federal regulators where the protein came from. He saw that drug companies needed a steady and reliable source of this protein.

Stellar Biotechnologies was the result. With federal and state grants, the company developed the aquaculture methods needed to grow the giant keyhole limpets, safely extract blood and process it to pharmaceutical specifications.

“We acquired oceanfront property from the U.S. Navy through base privatization, and built a small business that supports dozens of companies that are developing therapeutic vaccines,” Oakes said.

Giant keyhole limpets can be considered the West Coast’s reply to the horseshoe crab, another invertebrate that produces blood useful for medical research. However, horseshoe crabs reproduce prolifically, Oakes said, while the limpets grow slowly. That’s why the ability to harvest limpet blood without harming them is so important. The animals can live decades if treated properly.

Ostiones provides “second site” security, Oakes said, so if anything puts one location out of production, the other site can continue unaffected.

“They have the rights to actually plant and farm animals on the ocean bottom,” Oakes said. “They have a great site with very clean water … and you know the difficulties in developing anything along the coastline in California.”

Medical uses

The giant keyhole limpet is round, its single shell covered with dark purple flesh. It is related to and resembles abalone. Like abalone, it’s edible. In the center of its shell is a breathing hole, thought to resemble a keyhole.

These limpets grow along the San Diego coastline. Their ability to grow in hyper-saline water was tested, along with that of other local sea life, as part of the approval process for the Poseidon desalination plant in Carlsbad.

Kim Janda, a scientist at The Scripps Research Institute, has used keyhole limpet hemocyanin, or KLH, to help research a heroin vaccine. He has since switched to another protein, inactivated tetanus toxin, but the cost is much greater.

One disadvantage of KLH is that it’s a large protein, which can complicate its use, Janda said. For example, it can’t be studied with a common method of analyzing molecules called mass spectrometry. And the giant keyhole limpet’s rarity is a concern, he said.

Vaccine researchers value the hemocyanin from giant keyhole limpets because it stimulates the immune system and at the same time easily carries antigens, molecules from the organism the vaccine is developed against, said John Cashman, founder of the Human BioMolecular Research Institute in San Diego. This makes it a highly efficient substance for use in making antibodies.

“We’ve made antibodies to cocaine, we made antibodies to organophosphates for detection of nerve agents,” Cashman said.

Because the protein is so large and complex, it can’t be synthesized in the laboratory. So the protein is largely collected the old-fashioned way, by divers who bring in the limpets.

Keyhole limpet hemocyanin is the oxygen-carrying protein in the animal’s blood, called hemolymph. Unlike hemoglobin, which uses iron to hold oxygen, hemocyanin uses copper. And while the hemoglobin protein of vertebrates is contained in cells, the copper-containing hemocyanin protein circulates free in the hemolymph.

In the presence of oxygen, the hemolymph turns an intense blue, becoming colorless after releasing the oxygen.

Cashman said he’s been concerned because the sources of KLH are so limited.

“If you opened up a new source that could make clinical grade KLH, that would be a real boon to the industry.”

Mexico Social Study by State


Roel Santiago. 27 July 2015
  • Social traffic light or semaphore Social Development
  • Author: RRS y Asociados, SC
  • Source: CONEVAL and OECD.
  • Methodology: criminal Semaphore
  • Rights registered name and methodology
  • See graphic
  • Watch the video
  • You can download the PDF below
POVERTY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION WITH AT LEAST ONE SOCIAL DEPRIVATION AND LOWER INCOME TO THE WELLBEING (FOOD AND NON-FOOD BASKET)
POVERTY PERCENT CHANGE
COMPARISON POVERTY 2012-2014
EXTREME POVERTY: PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION WITH 3 OR MORE GAPS AND LOWER INCOME TO THE LINE OF MINIMUM WELFARE (FOOD BASKET)
EXTREME POVERTY PERCENT CHANGE
COMPARISON 2012-2014 EXTREME POVERTY
INEQUALITY: GINI COEFFICIENT: THE LARGER THE VALUE THE GREATER INCOME INEQUALITY.
INEQUALITY IN MEXICO
INEQUALITY PERCENT CHANGE
COMPARISON INEQUALITY 2012-2014
BACKWARDNESS IN BASIC INCOME
LAG IN MINIMUM INCOME
FOOD SERVICES BACKLOG
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES BACKLOG
HEALTH SERVICES BACKLOG
LAG IN SOCIAL SECURITY
HOUSING BACKLOG
SERVICES BACKLOG
SPENDING ON HEALTH AS A PERCENTAGE OF GDP
LIFE EXPECTANCY
OBESITY

Baja 1949


Published on Dec 6, 2014

Beautiful color footage of old Baja, before Pemex stations lined the Cuota and Libre. Travel from Ensenada to Cabo San Lucas, enchantingly stopping at the waterless village of Magdalena Bay, Tortuga Bay, and the vineyards at Santo Tomás.

Ensenada Beer Fest Saturday


Festival de la cerveza Artesanal y Nacional Ensenada 2015

Sabado, 1 agosto, 1pm-12
Ya están los boletos disponibles a la venta en:
Covelli Pizzas / Vinifera , La Villa , Ensenada Vinos , Lechonis , Cali-Baja Tours.
Puedes adquirirlos en preventa a solo $130 pesos, Costo el día del Evento en Taquilla $180.
Con tu boleto tendrás Vaso Conmemorativo , muestra artesanal y una media nacional.
Grupos invitados :
TAKÓN MACHINE oficial – Grupo The Light – Ruta Vid Band
— at Centro Cultural Riviera.

Organic Hoax


The Colossal Hoax Of Organic Agriculture

Forbes.com By Henry I. Miller and Drew L. Kershen

Consumers of organic foods are getting both more and less than they bargained for. On both counts, it’s not good.

Many people who pay the huge premium—often more than a hundred percent–for organic foods do so because they’re afraid of pesticides. If that’s their rationale, they misunderstand the nuances of organic agriculture. Although it’s true that synthetic chemical pesticides are generally prohibited, there is a lengthy list of exceptions listed in the Organic Foods Production Act, while most “natural” ones are permitted. However, “organic” pesticides can be toxic. As evolutionary biologist Christie Wilcox explained in a 2012 Scientific American article (“Are lower pesticide residues a good reason to buy organic? Probably not.”): “Organic pesticides pose the same health risks as non-organic ones.”


SAN FRANCISCO, CA – JUNE 13: A label stating ‘Produce of USA’ is wrapped around a bunch of organic carrots at a farmers market on June 13, 2012 in San Francisco, California. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Another poorly recognized aspect of this issue is that the vast majority of pesticidal substances that we consume are in our diets “naturally” and are present in organic foods as well as non-organic ones. In a classic study, UC Berkeley biochemist Bruce Ames and his colleagues found that “99.99 percent (by weight) of the pesticides in the American diet are chemicals that plants produce to defend themselves.” Moreover, “natural and synthetic chemicals are equally likely to be positive in animal cancer tests.” Thus, consumers who buy organic to avoid pesticide exposure are focusing their attention on just one-hundredth of one percent of the pesticides they consume.

Some consumers think that the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) requires certified organic products to be free of ingredients from “GMOs,” organisms crafted with molecular techniques of genetic engineering. Wrong again. USDA does not require organic products to be GMO-free. (In any case, the methods used to create so-called GMOs are an extension, or refinement, of older techniques for genetic modification that have been used for a century or more.) As USDA officials have said repeatedly:

Organic certification is process-based. That is, certifying agents attest to the ability of organic operations to follow a set of production standards and practices which meet the requirements of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 and the [National Organic Program] regulations . . . If all aspects of the organic production or handling process were followed correctly, then the presence of detectable residue from a genetically modified organism alone does not constitute a violation of this regulation. [emphasis added]

Putting it another way, so long as an organic farmer abides by his organic system (production) plan–a plan that an organic certifying agent must approve before granting the farmer organic status–the unintentional presence of GMOs (or, for that matter, prohibited synthetic pesticides) in any amount does not affect the organic status of the farmer’s products or farm.

Under only two circumstances does USDA sanction the testing of organic products for prohibited residues (such as pesticides, synthetic fertilizers or antibiotics) or excluded substances (e.g., genetically engineered organisms). First, USDA’s National Organic Production Standards support the testing of products if an organic-certifying agent believes that the farmer is intentionally using prohibited substances or practices. And second, USDA requires that certifying agents test five percent of their certified operations each year. The certifying agents themselves determine which operations will be subjected to testing.

The organic community, including the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements (IFOAM), supports the USDA’s lenient testing protocols and opposes more frequent mandatory testing of organic products for prohibited and excluded substances.

The organic community and USDA offer two explanations for such minimal testing. First, they emphasize that organic farming is process-based, not product-based, meaning that what counts for organic certification are the approved organic system (production) plan and the farmer’s intention to comply with that plan as reflected through record-keeping obligations.

Second, widespread testing would impose substantial costs on organic farmers, thereby increasing production costs beyond the already greater expenses that organic farmers incur. Organic farmers offset these higher productions costs by earning large premiums for organic products, but there is always a price point beyond which consumers will shift to cheaper non-organic.

Few organic consumers are aware that organic agriculture is a “trust-based” or “faith-based” system. With every purchase, they are at risk of the moral hazard that an organic farmer will represent cheaper-to-produce non-organic products as the premium-priced organic product. For the vast majority of products, no tests can distinguish organic from non-organic—for example, whether milk labeled “organic” came from a cow within the organic production system or from a cow across the fence from a conventional dairy farm. The higher the organic premium, the stronger the economic incentive to cheat.

Think such nefarious behavior is purely theoretical? Think again. USDA reported in 2012 that 43 percent of the 571 samples of “organic” produce tested violated the government’s organic regulations and that “the findings suggest that some of the samples in violation were mislabeled conventional products, while others were organic products that hadn’t been adequately protected from prohibited pesticides.”

How do organic farmers get away with such chicanery? A 2014 investigation by the Wall Street Journal of USDA inspection records from 2005 on found that 38 of the 81 certifying agents–entities accredited by USDA to inspect and certify organic farms and suppliers—“failed on at least one occasion to uphold basic Agriculture Department standards.” More specifically, “40% of these 81 certifiers have been flagged by the USDA for conducting incomplete inspections; 16% of certifiers failed to cite organic farms’ potential use of banned pesticides and antibiotics; and 5% failed to prevent potential commingling of organic and non-organic products.”

Speaking of trust and faith—or lack thereof–in organic foods, there was the example of holier-than-thou Whole Foods importing large amounts of its supposedly “organic” produce from China, of all places. Those imports even included Whole Foods’ house brand, “California Blend.” (Yes, you read that correctly.)

Organic agriculture is an unscientific, heavily subsidized marketing gimmick that misleads and rips off consumers, both because of the nature of the regulations and cheating. The old saying that you get what you pay for doesn’t apply when you buy overpriced organic products.

Henry I. Miller, a physician, is the Robert Wesson Fellow in Scientific Philosophy and Public Policy at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution. He was the founding director of the Office of Biotechnology at the FDA. Drew L. Kershen is the Earl Sneed Centennial Professor of Law (Emeritus), University of Oklahoma College of Law.

Scenic Road Fix Snafu


Face, abusive and unfinished work on Scenic

Unfinished toll road Tijuana-Ensenada prevails wasting resources on a play in doubt. “What we aim is to collect and spend the entire budget,” said a former employee ZETA. Worse, June 13 Free Ensenada-Tecate was reclassified as Category “D” and the heavy traffic that must now travel on the scenic not allowed

Face, abusive and unfinished work on Scenic
Reporter:
Juan Carlos Dominguez
Photos. Enrique Botello
July 28, 2015 at 21:07:24

The secrecy and wasted budget remains the norm in the rehabilitation of the collapsed section of the Tijuana-Ensenada Scenic Road, a year and a half of the accident, and six months after “reopened” but without concluding the road.

Secretary of Communications and Transport, Gerardo Ruiz Esparza, pledged to complete the work in April 2015.

Before the term expired and considering that the last official figure was provided the cost was higher than the billions of pesos, deputy Armando Reyes Ledezma, president of the Special Commission of the topic in the local Congress, demanded that the federal agency providing an actual report, a progress schedule, completion of the alternate leg and transparent investigation to the money invested.

“There have been many inconsistencies, the public has been given nothing but lies and deceptions about this great work,” said the official.

Are six critical points in a range of 7 kilometers, “and the only one who noticed was the sheer File For 300 meters, everything else is in trouble, not fixed anything,” he criticized the legislature.

Such points are recorded at Kilometer 98 in San Miguel, up to the gatehouse to Ensenada; 95, which starts in Saldamando and has a sink, where when driving Fords and slopes are noticed; 93, only repaired with “patches”; addition of 91 kilometers, 89 and 88, covering El Mirador and Salsipuedes.

Specialists in the field and settled in the area, has witnessed the mistakes one after another have made ​​companies Constructora Makro and TGC since the start of the works. For starters, spending a fortune on getting the water already infiltrated, instead of avoiding it to reach. After the construction of infiltration galleries on the opposite side, it ie the sea instead of the side of the hill; fill slopes with round stones, take materials into the sea when you can take advantage, install a monitoring network useless, they explained in detail ZETA .

Entry, in the opinion of the geologist George Von Son, the first thing was to have prevented the water to infiltrate and avoid “corrientillas”, blocking access and dry basins (those that do not flow into the sea, but remain on the ground ), following typographic analysis was not done: “If you have here the ground, and the water gets here, do not let it infiltrate, drain, and that is very easy, you look where to attack strategic points”.

On the contrary, what happened to the charge of work is an embankment, namely the filling of stone, “which was irrelevant because the water problem is not the road,” said Von Son. “Good thing fell or was thrown, because it would have killed someone.” In fact they killed a worker, if business and government hid.

The geologist explained that contrary to what people think, the road is not affected by the great San Andreas Fault in reality is very different local “failure” at various points, determined by variations in underground world. There clusters, then shale, conglomerates, sand. “It’s an incongruous terrain, then, it is difficult to diagnose and give a solution,” so he felt that there have been exaggerated and unnecessary studies at best can be determined with the basic observation. “Right now what may be a pipeline, transporting material, cover and out the other side, but not if you do not attack background …”.

You will be referred to a former employee of the work on costs, and responded cynically and playfully: ” N’ombre , if what is is to collect and spend the entire budget, plus the engineer-of MAKRO – it’s compadre (Enrique) Peña Nieto. “

To the latent danger of collapse in the rest of the critical points of the Scenic, it is the servicing of infiltration galleries and keep uncovered drains, which are not, according to experts consulted diagnosis.

“The drains that collect water are on the east side of the road-from the earth, pass under the road as lead, they are not piped into the sea, and that is causing all slopes that are among eroded road and sea. Summary: They are not attacking the problem of erosion, “he reiterated.

Another basic and much cheaper measure, but obviously do not want to apply, is bioengineering, such as planting native plants that require little watering and maintenance with pure rain, and channels can be made with the same machinery that bring; literally, waterproof and even redirect water to the Valley of Guadalupe, they suggest experts.

Apart from the “hot spots” of the road, badly behaved, pending the promised alternative would stretch the height of Salsipuedes to El Sauzal, a requirement that is being proposed again: “We want that gating or alternate road opens and not let pass the problem, because imagine, we get to spend again, the serious damage caused 15 deaths and 100 million dollars lost to Ensenada “insisted the deputy Reyes Ledezma, who raised the same urge the governor Francisco” Kiko “Vega de Lamadrid, who only replied:” God permits i “!.

 Coup de grace

Since June 13, 2015, the free Ensenada-Tecate was reclassified as Category “D”, which means heavy traffic for the same is not allowed.Now all that freight has begun to run on the Scenic Highway, raising the alert scholars and deputies Marco Antonio Novelo, who presented a warrant before Congress and directed the SCT, the governor, mayor and CEO Communications, for the measure to be canceled.

“The highway is built on loose sand, with slanted in favor of sea layers, should avoid factors that stability,” said Luis Mendoza Garcilazo, researcher researcher Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada (CICESE) .

The economic impact will be another problem, such as transport to be forced to run on the Tijuana-Ensenada highway, increase the costs of goods, further eroding the economy of Ensenada. The measure is interpreted more as a tax collection effort by federal roads and bridges to see strong revenue trailers leave the booths.

“It’s a fight!” Said geologist Von Son Jordi. He described the area of ​​the highway is apparently made with hard stone, but to very strong vibrations, it becomes clay, “crumbles, the clay takes the water and leaves behind holes … There is anger,” he said.

Without attention to trouble spots without clear information or accounts, and instead now with more factors that violate the road, the delegate of CAPUFE, Rosa Maria Castaneda and Alfonso parents, delegate of the SCT, from the start of work Repair have refused repeated, on occasion, to provide information to ZETA and other media. Even his official response to deputies and local officials was brief: they are complying and eventually perhaps inform a press conference.

– See more at: http://zetatijuana.com/noticias/reportajez/23692/obra-cara-indebida-e-inconclusa-en-la-escenica#sthash.5ROBtSjx.dpuf

How to Juice Lime/Lemon


Which Squeezing Method Gets You the Most Lemon Juice?

From flavoring water to grilling fish or making a lightly-dressed green salad, there are a multitude of kitchen situations that call for fresh-squeezed lemon juice. But is there a “best” way to get juice out of a lemon?

There are countless different methods that various cooking experts insist is the very best way to juice a lemon. One is to roll the lemon first on a counter. Or you can microwave the lemon first. Some say you should cut the lemon into multiple pieces. You can even use a tool for the job, like a hand-held citrus press. But what really works best? To find out if there was a definitive answer, we put five of the most popular methods to the test.

The Test

I decided to compare six of the most popular methods I’ve been told about over the years. They are as follows:

  1. Control: Your standard, no-frills lemon squeeze. I cut a lemon in half, width-wise, and squeezed by hand.
  2. Rolling the lemon: Using both hands, I rolled a lemon on a countertop for 45 seconds, then cut the lemon in half, width-wise, and squeezed by hand.
  3. Microwaving the lemon: I microwaved the lemon for 25 seconds on high, then cut the lemon in half, width-wise, and squeezed by hand.
  4. Multiple cuts: I followed the advice of food writer Patricia Wells. I stood up a lemon and cut it vertically into three sections, leaving the center piece as a triangular wedge; after that, I squeezed the three sections by hand.
  5. Using a hand-held citrus press: I cut a lemon in half, width-wise, then inserted it, cut side first, into a citrus press and squeezed.

Which Squeezing Method Gets You the Most Lemon Juice?

I purchased lemons of the same brand and variety (Sunkist) from the same store, and spent what might’ve been a suspicious amount of time in the grocery aisle selecting lemons of similar size, weight, and firmness.

After juicing each fruit, I compared each lemon’s juice yield by weight in ounces, using a scale, rather than by measuring liquid volume in milliliters or teaspoons, in an effort to have more accurate metrics. For each lemon juiced, I tried to put forth the same amount of effort (meaning I tried to squeeze each lemon as hard as possible).

The Results

Here are, in order to lowest-yielding to highest-yielding, the recordings for each method. The control came in last place, producing the least amount of juice, while the hand-held juicer produced the most:

  1. Control: 1.25 ounces
  2. Multiple cuts: 1.35 ounces
  3. Microwaving the lemon: 1.35 ounces
  4. Rolling the lemon: 1.375 ounces
  5. Using a hand-held juicer: 1.95 ounces

Which Squeezing Method Gets You the Most Lemon Juice?

As you can see, with a yield of 1.25 ounces, the control method—the standard squeeze—was a real lemon (insert rimshot here). Every trick we tried had a leg up on it, so there’s pretty much no reason why you should be juicing a lemon that way ever again.

The method that really knocked it out of the park, though, was using a hand-held citrus press, which produced 1.95 ounces of juice. Not only did it yield more than 55 percent more juice than the basic squeeze, it also prevented seeds from falling into the juice and pulp from getting all over my hands.

My lemon squeezer has seemingly lasted forever (I’ve had it for close to a decade and counting). So if you don’t have one and you use lemons with any frequency, whether it’s for seafood, desserts, or lots of lemon drops, it’s time to invest in an $8 lemon squeezer. Trust us: it’s worth its weight in gold.

Photo by Bobbi Bowers.

limonjuicer

Bajadock: I get my hand juicers at Smart & Final for approx 70 pesos

Skillet is a new blog from Lifehacker all about being awesome in the kitchen. Follow us on Twitter here.

Cafe Arabiga Ensenada


capatio

Cafe Arabiga is one of my favorites for coffee, socializing and one of the fastest wifi networks in Ensenada.

At up to 30mbps, Arabiga’s internet is a useful networking tool.  I discovered this new fiber optic support during my Friday morning visit after my new frig purchase.  http://www.speedtest.net/my-result/4544824580

cadesayuno

Also enjoyed this breakfast snack from Cafe Arabiga’s kitchen.

Coffee selections, tea(iced mango is heavenly), sandwiches, salads, desserts, an art gallery, indoor/outdoor seating and live music Thurs-Sat are all on Cafe Arabiga’s menu.

arabigapostre Cafe Arabiga is a place where you can stimulate all your senses,..tasting the best coffee beans coming from Chiapas,..and enjoying our art pieces in our own art gallery, we have pastries, espresso bar and a good variety of sandwiches and salads,..
Cafe Arabiga is located in Ensenada Baja California Mexico,.Our address is Calle Segunda 1010(at Blancarte)
Zona centro, and our phone is 646 178 8666

facebook

arabigagallery

arabigajose

Jazz Wednesdays


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 237 other followers

%d bloggers like this: